The National Woman Suffrage Association, founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in 1869, worked for women’s rights; the NWSA wanted to achieve not only woman suffrage but changes to property laws, public health, and labor.
United States Steel was created in 1901 by the merger of the companies of John Pierpont Morgan, Andrew Carnegie, Elbert M. Gary, and Charles Schwab. The first corporation capitalized at more than a billion dollars, US Steel was subject to several strikes, including the general steel strike of 1919, and in 1920 the Supreme Court ruled that the company was not a monopoly. In 1937, however, US Steel began to recognize unions such as the United Steelworkers of America.
Crédit Mobilier was an American finance and construction company established to build the Union Pacific Railroad. It was embroiled in scandal, however, when a corrupt deal between the company and members of Congress was exposed in 1872. The company had received the lucrative railroad contract after selling shares far below market value to Congressional Republicans.
Thomas Edison (1847–1931) was an American scientist and inventor. Edison, working from his research lab in Menlo Park, New Jersey, invented a myriad of significant technologies, among them the light bulb and the phonograph.
Leland Stanford (1824–1893) was the American business magnate and one of the “Big Four” builders (with Collis P. Huntington, Charles Crocker, and Mark Hopus) of the Central Pacific railroad. Stanford worked as a lawyer before making a fortune in mining, investments, and other business ventures. He also served as the governor of California and founded Stanford University in 1884.
John Pierpont Morgan (1837–1913) was, by the late 1880s, America’s most successful investment banker. Morgan found success in reorganizing railroads, consolidations of other industries, and in finance and insurance.