Lorraine Hansberry’s play A Raisin in the Sun opened on Broadway to great success and interest. The play told the story of a black Chicago family trying to move out of the city and into an all-white neighborhood.
The Beats (beatniks) were a group of American writers and artists. In the 1950s they rejected conformity, materialism, and many traditional values in favor of expression and experimentation. Beats included writers and poets such as Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, and William S. Burroughs.
A slave his entire life, Jupiter Hammon (1711–ca. 1806) became the first African American writer to be published in the United States with his 1760 “An Address to the Negroes of the State of New York.”