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Prohibition began when the Eighteenth Amendment went into effect.
The Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution forbidding the manufacture, sale, transportation, import, and export of “intoxicating liquors” was ratified, instituting Prohibition nationwide. The amendment was repealed by the Twenty-first Amendment in 1933.
In Wichita, Kansas, temperance activist Carrie Nation marched on the Carey Hotel and smashed all the liquor bottles in sight.
The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union was founded in 1874 to promote total abstinence from alcohol. WCTU members asserted that alcohol consumption led to neglect and domestic violence on the part of men. The WCTU also supported woman suffrage and other social reforms.