The Second Great Awakening began about 1795 in New England. During the Second Great Awakening revival events known as camp meetings were held throughout the nation, and evangelical sentiment contributed to antebellum moral reforms such as the temperance movement.
The Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution forbidding the manufacture, sale, transportation, import, and export of “intoxicating liquors” was ratified, instituting Prohibition nationwide. The amendment was repealed by the Twenty-first Amendment in 1933.
The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union was founded in 1874 to promote total abstinence from alcohol. WCTU members asserted that alcohol consumption led to neglect and domestic violence on the part of men. The WCTU also supported woman suffrage and other social reforms.