- ›› Theme : Global History and US Foreign Policy
Glossary Term – Person
Christopher Columbus was a sailor and navigator (ca. 1454–1514) born in the Republic of Genoa. He embarked early on a naval career and then, at the age of 21, entered a formal apprenticeship as a merchant/trader. Following the writings of the classical geographer Ptolemy, Columbus, like most of his generation, understood that the world was round, but like Ptolemy, Columbus believed that it was much smaller than it actually is. This error suggested to him that it would be possible to sail westward from Europe and arrive in Asia more easily...
Glossary Term – Person
Barack Obama (1961– ) is the forty-fourth president of the United States. Before becoming the first African American elected to the nation’s highest office, Obama attended Columbia University and earned a law degree from Harvard. He also worked as a community organizer in Chicago for several years and in 1997 became a member of the Illinois senate. He was elected to the US Senate in 2004, and that same year his keynote address at the Democratic National Convention lifted Obama into the national spotlight. In 2007 he announced his candidacy...
Glossary Term – Place
Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was opened in 1892 as an immigration reception center. Between 1892 and 1924, about 17 million immigrants were processed at Ellis Island. In 1943, immigration processing was moved to the city of New York, and Ellis Island became a detention center. It later became part of the National Parks system and today houses the Ellis Island Immigration Museum.
The following documents demonstrate the tremendous concern of the Association of Manhattan Project Scientists toward nuclear power in peacetime. On the right is one of many drafts that shaped a collective statement from the scientists released just after the war. These drafts were edited by Dr. Francis Bonner and Dr. Irving Kaplan, lead...
On June 18, 1812, the United States declared war on Great Britain in the midst of the Napoleonic Wars. This Boston newspaper, the Columbian Centinel, published on September 5, 1812, reveals New Englanders’ concerns over the international crisis as well as concerns at home. Click here to launch this interactive feature.