Lyndon Johnson announced his “Great Society” plan in his first State of the Union message. The program called for a “war on poverty,” with social welfare legislation and increased federal support for education, health care, and voting rights.
Wilson released a decoded telegram from German foreign minister Arthur Zimmermann to Mexico. Zimmermann proposed that, if the US entered the war, Mexico go to war with the US as a German ally. Zimmermann promised that if Mexico allied with Germany, Germany would provide “financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.”
Two days after delivering his “Crime against Kansas” speech, abolitionist Senator Charles Sumner was physically attacked by Representative Preston Brooks on the floor of US Senate. Sumner had denounced a number of southern senators in his speech. It took Sumner three years to recover from the beating and return to his Senate seat. Brooks became a hero in the South; merchants in Charleston, South Carolina, bought Brooks a new cane, inscribed, “Hit him again.” In the North, Sumner became a martyr to the cause of freedom, and a million copies...
The Stamp Act Congress, consisting of delegates from nine colonies, met in New York to organize united resistance to the Stamp Act. It called on the colonies to protest the act by refusing to import goods that required purchase of a stamp.
The Socialist Party of America was formed by a merger of several democratic-socialist political groups. Rejecting industrial capitalism, the party aimed to increase the rights and power of farmers and laborers.