The National Origins Act refined the immigration quota system, created by the 1921 Emergency Quota Act, to favor northern and western European immigration over southern and eastern European immigration.
President William McKinley was shot twice by Leon Czolgosz, the anarchist son of Polish immigrants. McKinley died eight days later on September 14. He was succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt.
Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was opened in 1892 as an immigration reception center. Between 1892 and 1924, about 17 million immigrants were processed at Ellis Island. In 1943, immigration processing was moved to the city of New York, and Ellis Island became a detention center. It later became part of the National Parks system and today houses the Ellis Island Immigration Museum.
After the Civil War, the United States government commissioned several surveys of the American West. Photography was widely used to document the region's unusual geography, and it was this visual evidence that spurred Congress to create the national park system.
Thomas G. Andrews discusses his book "Killing for Coal: America's Deadliest Labor War" and the interconnection between railroads, coal, and steel in southern Colorado, in particular, through the lense of the Ludlow Massacre. His book is divided into three parts. The first, is on why the transition to fossil fuels like coal mattered in the American west. The second part examines what the rapid increase in the use of coal meant for the coal mining regions. The last section deals with the experience of the actual miners.
Award-winning author Tony Horwitz discusses the research and writing process for his book A Voyage Long and Strange: On the Trail of Vikings, Conquistadors, Lost Colonists, and Other Adventurers in Early America (2008).