President William McKinley was shot twice by Leon Czolgosz, the anarchist son of Polish immigrants. McKinley died eight days later on September 14. He was succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt.
Members of the militant American Indian Movement staged an armed occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, the site of a massacre of Lakota Indians at the hands of the US Army in 1890. The occupiers were led by Russell Means and Dennis Banks. They declared an independent Sioux nation and held the area for seventy-one days, surrendering after an AIM member was shot and killed by federal authorities.
The National Woman Suffrage Association, founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in 1869, worked for women’s rights; the NWSA wanted to achieve not only woman suffrage but changes to property laws, public health, and labor.
The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union was founded in 1874 to promote total abstinence from alcohol. WCTU members asserted that alcohol consumption led to neglect and domestic violence on the part of men. The WCTU also supported woman suffrage and other social reforms.