Members of the militant American Indian Movement staged an armed occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, the site of a massacre of Lakota Indians at the hands of the US Army in 1890. The occupiers were led by Russell Means and Dennis Banks. They declared an independent Sioux nation and held the area for seventy-one days, surrendering after an AIM member was shot and killed by federal authorities.
The National Woman Suffrage Association, founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in 1869, worked for women’s rights; the NWSA wanted to achieve not only woman suffrage but changes to property laws, public health, and labor.
The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union was founded in 1874 to promote total abstinence from alcohol. WCTU members asserted that alcohol consumption led to neglect and domestic violence on the part of men. The WCTU also supported woman suffrage and other social reforms.
Anarchists believe that government is unnecessary and harms and limits the rights of those it governs. Anarchist thought developed in Europe in the mid-1800s and became influential in America by the 1880s. The American anarchist movement was comprised largely of European immigrants, including Emma Goldman and Johann Most, and was especially influential in labor activism of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. American anarchism came to be associated, however, with some of the most controversial events of the era. Anarchists...