Labor unrest forced the federal government to step into labor relations and forge a compromise between management and labor. Under the Wagner Act of 1935 (the National Labor Relations Act), the federal government guaranteed the right of employees to form unions and bargain collectively. It also set up the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), which had the power to prohibit unfair labor practices by employers.
President William McKinley was shot twice by Leon Czolgosz, the anarchist son of Polish immigrants. McKinley died eight days later on September 14. He was succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt.
Members of the militant American Indian Movement staged an armed occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, the site of a massacre of Lakota Indians at the hands of the US Army in 1890. The occupiers were led by Russell Means and Dennis Banks. They declared an independent Sioux nation and held the area for seventy-one days, surrendering after an AIM member was shot and killed by federal authorities.