- ›› Theme : Women's History
Lowell, Massachusetts, named in honor of Francis Cabot Lowell, was founded in the early 1820s as a planned town for the manufacture of textiles. It introduced a new system of integrated manufacturing to the United States and established new patterns of employment and urban development that were soon replicated around New England and elsewhere.
By 1840, the factories in Lowell employed at some estimates more than 8,000 textile workers, commonly known as mill girls or factory girls. These “operatives”—so-called because they operated...
A graduate of Syracuse Medical College, Mary Walker served as a doctor during the American Civil War. In April 1864, Walker was captured by the Confederates in Tennessee. Following her release, President Lincoln summoned Walker to Washington, DC, to discuss her imprisonment.