Kennedy, John F. (1917-1963) [Portion of an address on the containment of Communism]
Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC02313
Author/Creator: Kennedy, John F. (1917-1963)
Place Written: s.l.
Type: Autograph manuscript
Date: circa 12 August 1952
Pagination: 11 p. ; 23 x 16 cm.
Summary of Content: Incomplete draft of a speech Kennedy delivered 12 August 1952 to the Massachusetts Chapter of the American Federation of Labor. Reflects on Communist expansion and America’s need to contain it. Working manuscript with many insertions and deletions. Written on stationary of the House of Representatives.
Historical Era: 1945 to the Present
Full Transcript: [strikeout], This is the 6th time in as many years that the Mass. A F of L. [inserted: have] has done me the high honor of inviting me to address their annual convention., I came here first in 1947 [struck: when] as a new member of Congress.  , II, 1947 was a [struck: time] [inserted: year] of great expectations; We looked [struck: to] forward to a world at peace - at home we hoped that the industrial gains of war [inserted: a by product] would make a better life for the people of this Country., Now six years later [inserted: in this summer [discount].] all of that has changed and  many of our glittering hopes [inserted: of other years] have turned to ashes [inserted: around us] [struck: and we continue to pay heavily for the years til I was to], And the dread problems that march across our horizons in one endless column try our , ingenuity and [inserted: tax our] imaginations.,  Abroad, we are faced by an enemy, [struck: relentless] power less, unrelenting and implacable who seeks to dominate the world by subversion and conspiracy and when all else fails to military force - of which he now possesses  through productively far poorer a substantial superiority. In 1952 or 1953 while that superiority lasts he may [struck: also] choose to plunge the world into the most destructive [strikeout] [struck: a war] [inserted: war] in the human race’s long history. Or he  may, believing [inserted: that] time is a friend, [inserted: illegible] continue his efforts to seize control by [struck: the] more subtle methods [struck: wh] which have proved so successful in the past., All problems [struck: still] are dwarfed by the necessity of the West to maintain against the Communists a balance  of power - and we note with concern the crumbling away of our defenses [struck: in] [inserted: in many areas of] the Middle & Far East., [strikeout], [struck: I sometimes], But In our efforts to contain the tide of Communist expansion, it would  be a mistake to judge the Communist threat as primarily military, although it is Russian military prestige that [struck: has] gives [struck: persua] [inserted: force &] persuasion [struck: to her] [struck: [attraction]] to [struck: the beliefs of] its political & economic  doctrines. Certainly we must [struck: stand] devote all our available energies [strikeout] to the task of rebuilding our military strength and we should use every means at our disposal to persuade our friends in the West to do likewise. ,  But the Communists also [struck: seek to] move a head by exploiting by [struck: more subtle] means - more subtle but equally dangerous - they exploit the resentment of those [strikeout] [struck: and] [strikeout] people too long [struck: held dominate] deprived of their fair share of a nation’s income - of those who  [strikeout] desiring to work - but who cannot find it - by those [struck: too long held] who live on the marginal edge of starvation - who see little hope for their children - by those who seek [rules] [inserted: to see their nation] [struck: to the] free & independent - and [inserted: yet] are dominated by an ancient master -
Keywords/Subjects: President, Government and Civics;, Communism;, Global History and US Foreign Policy;, Global History and US Foreign Policy;, Congress;
LOC Search Terms: National security--United States--History--20th century., United States--Foreign relations--1945-1989., Speeches, addresses, etc., Cold War.Order Image