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I am the park ranger from Independence NHP who had the good fortune to be accepted for the seminar beginning July 22. Though I don't prepare lesson plans, I do prepare talks, tours and walks featuring all the issues discussed in the seminar, especially at Independence Hall and Congress Hall, and give them to lots of school kids as well as adults, including our international visitors who need translations (just the facts and for the latter). Main themes in our park are: How Revolutionary was the Revolution; The Paradox of Liberty; The Life of Benjamin Franklin. Our ranger-led programs are thematic, but have a lot of latitude in following the spirit of the main themes. I am now thinking of ways to better integrate John and Abigail into my programs; I already have a few ideas in mind, including using primary source images provided by GL in a power point program, perhaps entitled "You Have A Republic, If You Can Keep It!" ( a comment attributed to Franklin). It would largely feature John Adams' struggle with both Hamilton and Jefferson during his presidency in the 1790's in Philadelphia, the advice he received from Abigail, and the near civil war conditions in the new Republic by 1800. I should note that we have been disappointed with turnouts for our ppp's so we need to think about ways to encourage attendance (no captive audiences for us). The seminar did something else for me: I felt inspired just by the enthusiasm and good humor of the teachers around me, and by the same qualities in our seminar leaders, Roasanne, Linda, and of course Joe. For Joe I must add the inspiring qualities of knowledge and perspective. I can't forget the similar qualities exhibited by my fellow ranger, Karen, in Quincy. My only complaints are that we did not have perfect weather, the dorms were not perfectly comfortable, and the way to Quincy was not perfectly free of traffic. If anyone would like to email me, my email is My park email is For information about Indpendence NHP, our website is Bye all and farewell and thanks for the memories.

Tom Degnan

More Friday Resources

Black Power, White Backlash:

Rise of Black Power Movement

TV in the Age of Urban Rebellion

1966 Civil Rights in Review (good timelines for this and other years)

Analyzing Political Cartoons: The Civil Rights Movement
Analyzing Editorial Cartoons: Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Civil Rights Movement

Living for the City

More Freedom Resources

Legacy of Medgar Evers:

Eyes on the Prize Reader

Medgar Evers - You Tube

A Death in Mississippi

Pursuing the Past: A Mississippi Newspaper Investigates Crimes of the Civil Rights Movement

Robert Moses:

Robert Moses video:

online lecture on Moses from Stanford:

Interview with Robert Moses

Bayard Rustin story on NPR - Black History Month

Atlanta Sit-ins

Atlanta in the Civil rights movement:

Sit-in Movement and Civil Rights
(resources from a TAH grant)

Freedom Fight on film: Civil Rights in Georgia

Civil Rights Veterans site:

More Friday resources:

Brother Outsider (100th anniversary of Rustin's death)

Short Video: Rustin debates Malcolm X

Longer Video:

includes Chicago Defender article:

Discussion Guide:

Cindi and Amy,

I will also be coming into John Wayne on Sunday. My flight comes in around 2:30. I looked at Super Shuttle. Is this the service you are using?


More Videos:

Citizen King (Kenneth Clark, Malcolm X, etc.)

Civil Rights: Selma to Montgomery

Shawn's Video:
A Study of Educational Inequalities in South Carolina (1936)

Greatly appreciated the oreo activity and other activities that Shawn gave us. Really helpful to walk away with some concrete lessons and ideas I can use in classroom.

Since my one of my professors from undergrad researched a topic Stephanie just brought up on immigration and marriage, I wanted to share her article with you all. It's on the Expatriation Act of 1907 which resulted in American women who married foreigners losing their citizenship.

Books mentioned by Steve Hahn in class:

-Dred Scott and the Problem of Constitutional Evil - Mark Graber
-Dred Scott and the Politics of Slavery - Earl Maltz
-North of Slavery: the Negro in the Free States, 1790-1860 - Leon Litwack
-Report of the Joint Committee on Reconstruction
-Report of the Joint Select Committee to Inquire Into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States

Fabulous exhibits. Really makes the history come alive walking the halls and sitting in a classroom. Videos on multiple screens not only cool but informative and taught at a level that was easy to understand yet interesting. Park Rangers very helpful and able to answer questions I had. Appreciate the materials they gave us and I can now better relate the Brown story because I was there and able to "feel" the history.

As Dr. Hahn talks about northern segregation, I wanted to find examples to share with my students and I found this site from the NY historical society. It's got three perfect examples of resistance to segregated transportation from the mid-19th century.

School Desegregation - Kansas City MO


Money And School Performance:
Lessons from the Kansas City Desegregation Experiment

Missouri vs. Jenkins

Blacks' flight to suburbia hastens desegregation

Complex Justice (book)

Busing in the Balance

St. Louis: Desegregation and School Choice in the Land of Dred Scott

Looking for free lessons? Register for the Constitutional Rights Foundation at

Once you register, you can access their 15 lessons on Brown v Board of Education:

I want to share my appreciation for the resources at

These good folks have a great number of teaching kits that are free except for postage:

Professional development resources:

Classroom activities:

Sign up for their free publications:

School Desegregation Resources

Segregation Through the Lens :
African American Schools in Mississippi before Integration (good visual images)

Civil Rights, Mississippi, and the Novelist's Craft

Emmett Till:

Student Crossword: Civil Rights

Times Topics: Civil Rights

Reader Ideas: Teaching the Civil Rights Movement

Learning Network: Brown v. Board of Ed - includes 2012 update report on US desegregation

Open Door Exhibits (Integration of U of Mississippi)

I was born during the presidency of Ike, and being able to open one of the archives to read the President's schedule and appointments on the day I was born was incredible! No golf that day for the President, though!

I especially enjoyed having the opportunity to explore the papers of President Eisenhower, viewing letters to the President, encountering the telegram from Emmett Till's Mother... Powerful!

Without being in the Eisenhower Library and examining actual presidential papers, our study of Presidential Politics, Civil Rights and the Road to Brown would have been greatly diminished.


It was the first time this action by the Justice Department occurred anywhere to back up the Supreme Court ruling of Brown v. Board of Education. (Hoxie, AR)

Lesson - Desegregation of Hoxie AR Schools

Life Magazine (primary source):

Inspiration for Little Rock:
"The White Citizens’ Council and
Resistance to School Desegregation
in Arkansas"

NYTimes report on Hoxie (note that this is not free but you might want to talk to your school media specialist to find out if you have free access that way)

Thanks for more great posts!

Our visit to the Brown v Board of Education Topeka National Historic Site was powerful and inspiring. Studying this subject in the classroom of the Monroe School allows us to delve deeply into the history and brings it effectively to life for us.

Experiencing this history with Clarence Lang and Shawn Leigh Alexander in the Monroe School classroom was amazing.

The files are too large to post here.I will send them by email.If you have not received them by July 30th please let me know so we make that happen,Ron

The museum was wonderful. I didn't get to see the entire building but the exhibits were very well done. His house was interesting.The library with it's orginal documents allowed me to read even the most minor to his attorney general's briefing to Eisenhower on the background of Brown in legal terms and in very factual terms. There were also some interesting documents from Hoover on communism and the civil rights movement. These sources got us out of the textbook and a look at the words of the people involved. Well worth the trip.

Here is a list of 23 summer programs available for teachers. Some are limited by states or grades taught, but most are open to all teachers. Many are free or pay a stipend although some require you to pay. I got this list in 2005 from a fellow participant at an NEH institute who took a class somewhere almost every summer; there are a lot available. I have updated the links for you.

What a great display in the old Monroe school. It is a beautiful building with superior tech displays. Great section on protest music as well.

Hi Cindi,

I wouldn't mind waiting to share shuttle expenses on Sunday. (I can't do it on Saturday morning.) If it's convenient, I could contact the service myself and ask if they could add me in. Which one will you be using?


I'll share this with my 8th grade teacher. The one point I would change in light of what we learned is that the World Trade Center Towers, while taller than than the Empire State Building, were constructed in a manner that made them far more susceptible to collapse. Even so, the fire seems to have been the key element

I was very impressed with the park and its facilities. More than I thought it would be. The government went all out in fixixing this old school. From the store I purchased posters, books, and videos that my students can appreciate. Professors Alexander and Lang presentation on W.E.B. Dubois and the NAACP views was information that was mind provoking. This information will surely be shared with tachers and students. Toady's afternoon session in which the class got a chance to exchange thoughts on the seminar was the best Gilder-Lehrman interaction to date. The notes that I wrote on their responses were priceless.

Here is my lesson plan which is directed at HS juniors. It primarily deals with the use of art to decipher Washington's leadership roles. Feel free to use and or change it as you wish.


I realize this is late but....I will be flying into Reagan on Delta arriving at about 2pm on the 29th. I have a car rented. I will be returning to Reagan on Sat the 4th for a 8:30 AM departure. Would be glad to help if any transportation needs arise.
Todd Sheldon
701-400-8410 texting is way better.

What a fantastic week. I was so impressed with this new facet of George Washington the Visionary Entreprenuer Farmer. I enjoyed myself the entire week, even when I didn't go swimming in the Potomac.
This lesson plan has to do with 18c. life. It includes research, reading and writing components. I hope you can use it.

As promised here are the scans of never before released letters from James Anderson, George Washington's plantation manager from 1796 until Martha Washington died. Hope you can use them for someting. Lesson plan coming next.

JSTOR article by Stanley on 13th Amendment:
Curriculum units from Teacher's Institutes
These units may be great for electives or to take parts of the teacher's research for your own background knowledge.

Channelling Ike: Uncovering Stephen Ambrose's fake Eisenhower Interviews

Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC)

National Archives Locations

one of the best resources you will find in almost all of the regional facilities (I can help you find out which regional facility contains records from your state) are the records of the Fair Employment Practices Commission - for example, here in Kansas we have some great primary source documents about the desegregation (or lack there of) the aircraft industry in Wichita during WWII. At one point, African Americans claimed that they lost their guard positions and were replaced by dogs.

Here's an example of the available files (You'll need to contact the NARA facility that holds these records to obtain copies - below is an example from Chicago that contains records from MN and IA)


Background info on FEPC:

Article from Ike Library:

Citing Records in the National Archives:

(above is the formal citation info - at the very least be sure to say "Courtesy of the Eisenhower Presidential Library" or "Courtesy of the National Archives"

Ike Files, The: Mementos of the Man and His Era From Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum

Great easy to use source that highlights primary sources with easy-to-use historical context pieces

Here's a similar book from the National Archives in Kansas City that includes Brown v. Board as well as a picture of a German tarred and feathered during the WWI era.

Great Plains Originals

Frederick Douglass' letter to Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth's "Ain't I A Woman" speech may be interesting pieces of literature to analyze when examining women during the Civil War.