All Community Comments

Here is link to Library of Congress that shows letter from Rep. Dyer to the NAACP telling them he is going to pursue the bill and looking for info from them to help.

Attached are the power points that Professor McCurry referred to throughout the institute. Confederate Reckoning - Public Lecture is the main power point she uses. War and Its Nation States is the power point from Tuesday's lecture.

This is a link to the Gilder Lehrman teaching resources for the Events at Sand Creek - an attack on Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians encamped in southeastern Colorado by Union Soldiers during the Civil War.

Also, this essay written by Elliot West addresses the role of Native Americans and the Civil War:

This is a link to the American Indian resources on the Gilder Lehrman website:

Also for Native Americans, I like to use aspects of the Choices program on Western Expansion to enhance my unit on Native American resistance in the West.

Renee asked a great question about the role of Native Americans during the Civil War. Gilder Lehrman has a Native American seminar with Colin Calloway at Dartmouth University. A Dartmouth Library created a resource web page for the institute. You can connect to it through this link:

I am sure that you may find information on Native Americans and the Civil War through this webpage. Not all of the links work because you need to be logged in at Dartmouth, but you could also email Amy for resource ideas. The site will only be available until September - so check it out!

This is a power point I use to teach students about Primary and Secondary sources. I begin the lesson with early images of sites in Philadelphia that the students may recognize. It is a Then and Now exercise to get them thinking about the information that we can learn from Primary Sources. The lesson then continues with defining Primary and Secondary sources and then looking at examples.

This is a link to Lin-Manuel Miranda Performs at the White House Poetry Jam on the topic of Alexander Hamilton. My students loved this!

NBC Learn has excellent short videos of news broadcasts. I've used this site to show students news coverage of major historical events like 9/11, Fall of the Berlin Wall and current events too.

Annenberg Classroom is an excellent site for teaching about the U.S. government. I love their videos and lessons.

I've attached a power point I use for teaching about the Bill of Rights. I've also attached the images I use to teach this. The images were created by the Teachers' Curriculum Institute - History Alive! They have great materials for teaching:

I've also included a lesson plan for Biography in a Bag. I use this activity to get students to analyze artifacts and write historical narratives.

Finally, I've included the power point from today's presentation:

Thank you Lindsay! I'm so glad you shared these videos that are the modern incarnation of School House Rock videos and powerful teaching tools.

In conversation last night, Suzanne shared some fun and funky history videos with us. Here are a few of the links:

ESPN covers the Hamilton/Burr Duel:

Jimmy Fallon's Gadsden Purchase skit:

College Humor's War of 1812:

Declaration Music Video Spoof - 'Too Late to Apologize':

Two things stood out for me from Monday's afternoon session. First, that due to the ongoing work of Ms. Brown Henderson, Brown vs. Board is not just a dusty fact in a history book, but is an ongoing legacy of education, information (that teachers can use) and work at sustaining Civil Rights in the 21st century.

Secondly, hearing her 91-year old mother speak so clearly and frankly about life before and during the Brown case was unforgettable. She IS living history. And while she may not have been the litigator in the courtroom, she was the woman behind the litigator in the courtroom--and that's powerful!

I was enthralled listening to Leota Brown Montgomery. When she sat in the chair at the beginning of her talk and told her story I could not believe I was listening to this first hand account of history. We as teachers read everything and research but her quiet dignty almost made tears come to my eyes. I will probably never see or her again a history told to me from someone who lived it. Her daughter was very good and again the knowledge shared was engaging and helped me understand the timeline of events and the truth of events leading to Brown. But I will never forget Leota's words and her strength. I hope I spelled her name properly.

great pics, thanks!

Great stuff from those who have had a chance to post. I am looking forward to seeing the rest tomorrow - let me know if you have trouble logging in. ;-) ;-)

The first person accounts of an event, and the time leading up to or following an event are invaluable. Visits like today's offer yet another way to make history interesting, relevant and real. In a way, it also makes everyone realize that even the most seemingly ordinary individuals can have an extraordinary impact on many people's lives, and on the direction of a country and its culture.

Thank you Aaron for these links. They are awesome. I've used "The Valley of the Shadow" in the past.

I have been apart of a TAH Grant that has best practice units K-5 with lesson plans and primary sources that can be download for FREE. Even if you don't teach elementary, there may be something you can use in the unit(s). In all units K-5, there are five best practices embedded within (using primary sources~photo and documents, reading for context~many historical fiction, but some non-fiction books too (and bibliographies for each unit), mapping related to the content of the unit, time lining,and synthesizing projects). It also has links to other great sites including the Gilder Lehrman site. :)

Cheryl Brown Henderson and Leota Brown Montgomery WoW!!! What a presentation. Textbooks can not do for history what these ladies did for me today. My family, students, collegues and whoever dares to listen will be much better off after I give them the true facts. Documents, powerpoints, lecture and Thursday,s trip to the Brown v Board of Education Nation Park will be used to extend to experience of this significant part of American Histort. Thanks Gilder-Lehramn

A friend of mine passed on this email list of Lawrence restaurants.

715 (

Zen Zero (

Esquina on Mass (

Free State Brewery (

Wheatfields (

The Burger Stand (

Local Burger (

Biemer's BBQ (

As history teachers, we are constantly reminded that the use of primary sources is the best way to enhance our lessons and activities. While the use of documents is excellent, today we had the chance to work with the best primary source there is: a person who lived through the event.

Having the opportunity to speak with Leota Brown Montgomery about her life in Topeka and her family's experiences during the case that bears their name was excellent and is an experience I am looking forward to sharing with my students next year.

Additionally, Mrs. Brown Montgomery is a living reminder that, although our country has made great strides in regards to race and equality, there are still many citizens who lived through the struggles of African Americans in the 20th century. Being able to speak with and learn from these individuals can help us to be better teachers in our classrooms and better citizens in our country.

Here's the site for the Digital Scholarship Lab at the University of Richmond:

These folks are doing some really neat things with computer technology. I haven't gotten a chance to use any of this in class yet, but I got a presentation from them on "Visualizing Emancipation," "Proceedings of the Virginia Secession Convention," and "Mining the Dispatch," all of which looked great. Those projects and others related to the Civil War can be found here:

The one thing that isn't listed is an older program that helped break ground on digital history as a thing, "The Valley of the Shadow." I used it with undergrads this year with some success. The lesson plans buried within it are geared more toward secondary and middle school kids:

These are all good websites for online games that all deal with government.

Round Top

Caring for the wounded.

Wife discussing life at home.

useful for students and question/answer sessions

In this letter the soldier discusses foraging in Pennsylvania.

concession of land

This essay would be a good follow-up to Lincoln's concept of "improvement" found in THE REPUBLIC OF NATURE ch. 4.

Searching for precious metals. This document also discusses slaves.

Women and Natural Rights

This might be fun to use when exploring the Everglades' role in American history.

What a joy to be with Cheryl Brown Henderson and Leota Brown Montgomery at the Gilder Lehrman Seminar!

Ms. Henderson and her mother, for me, brought a new meaning to "Brown v. Board"! To hear the perspective of actual participants is invaluable. I especially appreciated learning about the other cases included in this class action case.

I use Dr. Martin Luther King Jr's "I Have A Dream" Speech as a case study where students examine the speech to recognize the purposes of government and characteristics of democracy.

This activity follows follows our examination of the purposes of government and characteristics of democracy, and the students use the attached handout/graphic organizer to gather and analyze the information they hear and see in the speech. One can also provide a copy of the speech to students. I have purchased the speech on video, and I conduct the activity each semester - at the 28 August anniversary and at the MLK Holiday.

Most of my students have never seen the entire speech, and they are able to recognize each of the the purposes of government and characteristics of democracy as Dr. King clearly and dramatically expounds on each.

I find that the students are meaningfully able to apply what they have learned about the purposes of government and characteristics of democracy in an engaging way that allows us to also provide them with exposure to such an important event and speech in our history.

Seeing Cheryl and her mother reinforce the fact that those who stood up and helped to stem the tide of the civil rights movement are real, tangible agents of change. Cultural resources as these two women need to be in our classrooms to show learners that anyone can make a difference by answering the call for freedom and justice.

Seeing them makes me feel like a more authentic student and a more authentic teacher.
New facts help, but it's important to take a step back from the world of the academic and go into the world of the heart. These 1954 people were real, and they were living, breathing, and talking TO ME!

I am honored to meet and hear Cheryl Brown Henderson and Leota Brown Montgomery - great contributors to the Legacy of Civil Rights and educational opportunity. I am excited to visit the Brown v Board National Historic Site in Mission KS - an incredible chance that would not be possible if we were not at the University of Kansas! Thanks Gilder Lehrman!

It was amazing to hear from people who actually were a part of history and tell the story from their own perspective. They show how history is actually about real people and how anyone can make a difference and leave a legacy if you are willing. Especially having a 91 one year old who not only lived the case but could give perspective on what life was like for people in the community and gave so much depth to the case. Also having Cheryl Brown Henderson be so articulate in describing the case and its mythology. She understood the history from an insider's perspective and made me think about it in a new way.

I'll be arriving at John Wayne at 10:30 on Sunday. Let me know if you want to arrange something.

Cheryl Brown Henderson
Brown Foundation:

Shadow of Hate:

Revised Dred Scott Decision Case Collection

Plessy & Ferguson Foundation

Emmett Till Photos:

Emmett Till and the Impact of Images

For All the World to See:

Emmett Till Murder Trial

Emmett Till - Jet magazine

Mississippi Madness

The Ghosts of Emmett Till

American Experience: The Murder of Emmett Till

Emmett Till Lesson

Black press coverage of emmett till lynching as a catalyst to the civil rights movement
(click on Download button)

Brown v. Board of Education: 50 years later

They Closed Their Schools

Massive Resistance

Southern Manifesto

Here's the link to the southern states map we were looking at this afternoon

Thanks, Bill!

Here is the lesson on the 14th amendment re-named so it can be downloaded.

Professor McCurry's NYTimes Article

Kenneth Spencer Research Library

migration was an act of freedom

Exodusters was not an organized movement

Nicodemus National Historic Site

Nicodemus images

Nicodemus (Kansas Memory)

More on Nicodemus:

Spencer's Negro Leagues Collection article

The Kansas Collection: The African-American Experience

Fully Integrated

Segregation in the Heartland

Background for Brown v. Board of Education

Brown at 50: Reconstructing Brown's Promise

Traveling Exhibits: Panels

Brown v. Board of Education selected articles

Brown to Brown - A Century of Struggle in Kansas

Ask Dr. Alexander about this great book:

Missed Opportunities, Enduring Legacies: Desegregation of Kansas City

Royals name pays homage to the Kansas City Monarchs (NLB)

African Americans campaign for desegregation of department store eating facilities in Kansas City, Missouri, 1958-59