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Here's a three chapter article on the events in 1962 at Ole Miss which juxtaposes the pride of Ole Miss football and the violence over integration:

Dear Participants,
Here are some resources for your Biography Project. This is not an exhaustive list. If you find more and/or better sources, please share with the group.

Julie Baergen

The Origins of the Cold War:
The Situation: World War II is over and the Cold War of maneuvering between the US and the USSR for world domination is just beginning.
Based upon primary source documents students will answer the essential question:
The Question: How will the Cold War be “fought” differently from previous “hot” wars?

Jim and Shannon,
I made the new reservation for the three of us. It'll be $20 per person, plus tip. Our confirmation number is 5884374
See y'all Sunday.

In regards to a question and observation from Premble and Chris, here is a webpage on Merton's Structural Strain Theory that Dr. Combs mentioned:

I am looking to see if anyone would like to share a taxi from BWI to Gettysburg college on July 8th. I arrive around 3 pm which is too late for the 3 pm shuttle and the next shuttle is at 6 pm.

Andrea and Pam,

I called 4 taxi/car service companies to get some quotes from CHO to Montpelier. The cheapest I have been quoted is $52 plus tip. Pre-arranged return trips are also possible with all the companies that I've contacted thus far. Email me at and we can hash things out further.

Hi Ellen,

I would not mind waiting and sharing a ride. I can wait near the baggage claim area. My email is



Thank you so much! I will have one piece of luggage and a backpack. Looking forward to meeting you on Sunday.


Sure thing. How many checked bags do you have? I need to know in order to change the reservation.

Thanks for taking care of this; see you on Sunday.

I arrive in San Jose at 10:45 a.m. and would be interested in tag teaming with anyone regarding transportation to the campus, meeting for lunch, etc. Just let me know. Thanks.


I am on the same flight as you. I know I am a little late, but do you think I could also join you two on the shuttle? If not, no worries, just thought I would check.


Shannon Jones

It sounds like Andrea, you and I may be able to split the cost of the ride to Montpelier. I was going to make some calls to the various car services at CHO, so I'll let you and Andrea know what sort of cost we are looking at.

I'm arriving at LAX Sunday 7-15 at 9:30 a.m.
I'd love to share a ride or travel to Irvine with someone else who may be arriving at the same time.
You can email me at
Jean Gentile

Maybe you, Angela and I could ride together if you are willing to wait. I get in at 2:05.

I arrive at LaGuardia at 2:05 if you want to wait. I considered the m60 city bus that goes straight to the campus for $2.50 (change only). If we can get a couple more, it would be worth getting a taxi.

Elizabeth and Jeff: Super Shuttle booked and paid for. Total $59, so $19.60 each, plus tip. My cell number is 828-421-4281. In case something happens, the confirmation number is 5872055. The super shuttle counter is level 5 baggage claim, SW side of terminal near women's restroom. See you Sunday!

Hi Monica,
Seems there are 3 of us Caliifornians flying to/from DC. See my reply to Sharon below, including my cell phone number. My hotel is 3 miles from Dulles. I could meet you upon your arrival on Sunday morning, and then the 2 of us could meet up with Sharon to drive to Montpelier together. What time does your return flight leave from Dulles? See Sharon's and my flight times below.

Hi Sharon,
I have not rented a car yet, so I am very interested in sharing a ride and the cost of your rental with you to/from DC. I assume that you are overnighting in DC that Sat.? I'm staying at a hotel near Dulles Airport on Sat. night.
My flight back to CA leaves at 3:55 p.m. on the 4th, so that could work nicely if we drive back to DC together. Monica is also traveling to/from CA. Perhaps the 3 of us can carpool together?
I can meet you at the museum in DC via taxi or DC metro on Sunday morning. I highly recommend Newseum, it's fabulous.
Feel free to call me 510-435-9644 to discuss this further.

Hi everyone!

Please plan on bringing, or buying here in NY, some sunscreen!

Also, please drink plenty of water throughout the week! The heat index can climb high and fast in July!

I'm no expert, but looking at the subway map I think you would take the A line all the way to 59th St/Columbus Circle and there transfer to the 1 line. Then get off at 116th street and that should put you directly in front of campus (I'm taking the subway from Midtown and was told 116th St is "at the gates of Columbia"

Hello--my name is Sam Nekrosius. I will be flying into CHO at 4:45 from Chicago and am hoping that I will be able to carpool with someone. Andrea, I'm guessing you won't want to wait around that long, but perhaps I could ask you for a ride back to the airport on Saturday? For newer posters, is there anyone arriving at CHO a little later on Sunday that would like to share a ride? Thanks--Sam

Hello. My name is Pam. I arrive at noon into CHO on Sunday and depart from CHO on Sat. Aug 4 at 12:30pm. I'd like to carpool/share taxi with someone. Greg? Sounds like your schedule is similar. Thanks.

I think we can coordinate our trips to and from the airport. Let's wait and see who else may be flying to CHO at roughly our times and we'll try to coordinate for as many people as is reasonable. I'll be in touch as the departure date approaches.

The Southern Manifesto was written by Senator Strom Thurmond (SC) and signed by a majority of Senators and Representatives from the deep south. In the Manifesto, Southern political leaders argued against what they perceived to be Federal intrusion into the area of States' Rights.

Questions for Students:
Compare and contrast the closing arguments of Thurgood Marshall in Brown Vs. Board of Education with the arguments outlined in the Southern Manifesto.


1. Why do you think the documents are in cursive and not in print?
2. Discuss the maps of the thirteen colonies to the map of our country today?

I e-mailed the institute about this and they said clothing should be "casual for lots of walking." I also asked about formal events and they didn't mention anything. I hope that helps!

Hi Rob,

I purchased my ticket today for the same time on Sunday. I'll be coming in from Brooklyn, so I can meet you near the exhibit entrance between 1:30-1:50pm? I've uploaded my picture so you know what I look like. My cell number is 808-298-9190. Looking forward to meeting you and seeing the exhibit!


* If anyone else wants to go, you can get a $5 discount by entering this promo code: BBOXTCW If that doesn't work, you can try this one: 96752

(Sorry Rob, I just found this out myself or I would have told you earlier)

The food is extraordinary! The views of the Flatirons are everywhere and stunning!

Close your windows and shades every day before breakfast to keep the evening coolness in and the afternoon heat out.

The towels are thin; if you want, bring a fluffy one from home.

Greg, I posted further down the page and then realized I could reply directly. I will be arriving at CHO at 1:00 on Sunday if you don't mind waiting a bit. My departing flight is at 10:30 a.m. on Saturday. Don't know if that is too early for you. My email is if you want to contact me.

Greg, I will be arriving in Charlottesville from Oklahoma at 1:00 on Sunday if you don't mind waiting a bit. I depart at 10:30 on Saturday, so I may need to get back earlier than you do. My email is if you want to contact me.

I will also be bringing a lesson from the Stanford History Education Group "Reading Like A Historian" curriculum that I used this year. The following lesson has students analyze and use primary sources to discuss the following question: "Was Lincoln a racist?"

I have used this website extensively in my 8th grade U.S. History class and have found a lot of success with it. Here is the link:

I will be bringing a lesson from the 'Reading like a Historian' site [Stanford University History Education Group]that asks students, after examining some primary source documents, to answer the question - Were African Americans free during Reconstruction?

My flight is scheduled to arrive at 12:36 p.m. into Logan. Is anyone else arriving around that time?

I am arriving at Dulles Airport on Sun., July 29 11:30AM. I would like to share the car rental with you. Just keep me posted and let me know what you need me to do.


NY Times article about the South Baptist Convention electing first African American president. This could add to our discussion tomorrow about the religious South.

I will arrive at La Guardia at 1:28 PM and will gladly join in any transportation arrangements.

Can anyone comment as to what clothing they plan to take to New York? I was at the NEH's Lincoln seminar last year, and we were specifically informed, in advance, that there would be "no formal events." That said, it seems likely that this one may have periods more formal in tone. Given the need to fly, and pack carefully, it might useful to know more. There is an introductory dinner on Sunday night; does anyone know what dress is expected for this?

I just checked and I can't cancel my car it's non-refundable. Is yours? If it is maybe I could pick up my car and swing by to pick you up sunday and you can share a ride with me. what time does your flight leave on august 4? mine leaves at 4;20 p.m.
I was actually thinking of seeing a museum in D.C. in the morning before driving to the seminar location since its only 2 hours to drive there. So leaving D.c. after lunch.

I just reviewed the travel reimbursement policy and it looks like rental car expenses are not covered. This is a big problem for me since I flew into D.C. instead of Charlottesville bc it was cheaper so could afford the rental car. Too late to change now but is my reading of the travel reimbursement policy correct?

Dear Jennifer,
I am also flying into D.C. but into National Airport at 6:15 p.m saturday, leaving august 4 at 4:20. I have rented a car too. I think it might be too hard to connnect between the 2 airports but I don't know.

Hi Monica,
Will you be flying into Dulles or Reagan Airports in DC? It would be good if we could share the cost of a rental car to/from the seminar. I found a good deal on a car rental from Dulles.

The quote that you describe as being from a letter from Washington to Knox (“that the existence of the State governments is an insuperable evil in a national point of view...", footnote 7)is actually from a letter FROM Knox TO Washington. You mistakenly attributed Knox's sentiment to Washington.

Hello everyone! My name is Nuel, and I am very interested to have a carpool/share a taxi ride. I will arrive at Charlottesville-Albemarle Airport (CHO),VA on 07/29 at about 9:43 am, from a long trip coming from California. Then,will depart the seminar site anytime from 12nn-3pm of 08/04, and must be at Charlottesville-Albermarle Airport by 5:00 pm,because the flight going back to CA is at 8:25pm. Anybody who has an almost the same itinerary, I would gladly share and coordinate with you.

Hello everyone. My name is Greg and I will be traveling to Charlottesville airport from southwest Florida. I will arrive in Charlottesville on Sunday the 29th at about noon and depart on Saturday the 4th at about 12:30 pm. If anyone is interested in meeting up to share a ride from Charlottesville to Montpelier and then back, please let me know.