Herbert Hoover on the Great Depression and New Deal, 1931–1933

A primary source by Herbert Hoover
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1931
Creator: 
Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover to Louis L. Emmerson, July 10, 1931. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)The stock market crashed on Thursday, October 24, 1929, less than eight months into Herbert Hoover’s presidency. Most experts, including Hoover, thought the crash was part of a passing recession.

Inline body image(s): 
Herbert Hoover to Louis L. Emmerson, July 10, 1931. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
Herbert Hoover to Bruce Barton, October 3, 1933. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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The Western Sanitary Commission reports on suffering in the Mississippi Valley, 1863

A primary source by James E. Yeatman
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Year of Resource: 
1863
Creator: 
James E. Yeatman

[Appeal from the Western Sanitary Commission to President Abraham Lincoln regarding the condition of freed slaves], November 6, 1863 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)In 1863 in the war-tor

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[Appeal from the Western Sanitary Commission to President Abraham Lincoln regard
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Sharecropper contract, 1867

A primary source by Isham G. Bailey
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1867
Creator: 
Isham G. Bailey

Freedmen’s contract between Isham G. Bailey and freedmen Cooper Hughs and Charles Roberts, January 1, 1867 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

Freedmen’s contract between Isham G. Bailey and freedmen Cooper Hughs and Charl
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A perspective on the San Francisco earthquake, 1906

A primary source by Silas Mack
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1906
Creator: 
Silas Mack

Silas W. Mack to Clara W. Mack, April 20, 1906. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)At 5:12 a.m. on April 18, 1906, a great earthquake broke loose, with an epicenter near San Francisco. Violent shocks punctuated the shaking, which lasted some 45 to 60 seconds.

Inline body image(s): 
Silas W. Mack to Clara W. Mack, April 20, 1906. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
Eugene E. Schmitz, Proclamation by the Mayor broadside, April 18, 1906. (Gilder
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John Brown’s final speech, 1859

A primary source by John Brown
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1859
Creator: 
John Brown

 John Brown, “Address of John Brown to the Virginia Court..." December, 1859 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

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 John Brown, “Address of John Brown to the Virginia Court..." December, 1859 (Gi
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The Gettysburg Address, 1863

A primary source by Abraham Lincoln
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1863
Creator: 
Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)On November 19, 1863, four months after the Battle of Gettysburg, a ceremony was held at the site in Pennsylvania to dedicate a cemetery for t

Inline body image(s): 
Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863 (Gilder Lehrman Collectio
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John Quincy Adams and the Amistad case, 1841

A primary source by John Quincy Adams
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1841
Creator: 
John Quincy Adams

John Quincy Adams to Roger S. Baldwin, November 11, 1840 (Gilder Lehrman CoOn July 1, 1839, fifty-three Africans, recently kidnapped into slavery in Sierra Leone and sold at a Havana slave market, revolted on board the schooner Amistad.

Inline body image(s): 
John Quincy Adams to Roger S. Baldwin, November 11, 1840 (Gilder Lehrman Co
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Jefferson on British aggression, 1815

A primary source by Thomas Jefferson
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Year of Resource: 
1815
Creator: 
Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson to James Maury Esq., June 16, 1815. (Gilder Lehrman Collect

Thomas Jefferson to James Maury Esq., June 16, 1815. (Gilder Lehrman Collect
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The first inauguration: George Washington and his reluctance to become president, 1789

A primary source by George Washington
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1789
Creator: 
George Washington

George Washington to Henry Knox, April 1, 1789. (Gilder Lehrman Collection, From 1787 to 1789, as the Constitution was submitted for ratification by the states, most Americans assumed that George Washington would be the first president.

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George Washington to Henry Knox, April 1, 1789. (GLC02437.09419)
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George Washington on the abolition of slavery, 1786

A primary source by George Washington
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1786
Creator: 
George Washington

George Washington to John Francis Mercer, September 9, 1786. (Gilder LehrmanOf the nine presidents who were slaveholders, only George Washington freed all his own slaves upon his death.

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George Washington to John Francis Mercer, September 9, 1786. (Gilder Lehrman
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