A former Confederate officer on slavery and the Civil War, 1907

A primary source by John S. Mosby
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1907
Creator: 
John S. Mosby

Letter from John S. Mosby to Sam Chapman, June 4, 1907. (GLC03921.21p1)How can a soldier be proud of the country he defends while at the same time opposed to the cause he is fighting for? John S.

Inline body image(s): 
Letter from John S. Mosby to Sam Chapman, June 4, 1907. (GLC03921.21p1)
Letter from John S. Mosby to Sam Chapman, June 4, 1907. (GLC03921.21p1)
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

A proposed Thirteenth Amendment to prevent secession, 1861

Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1861

Proposed thirteenth amendment, April 30, 1861. (GLC09040p4)

Proposed thirteenth amendment, April 30, 1861. (GLC09040p4)
Proposed thirteenth amendment, April 30, 1861. (GLC09040p4)
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

The Articles of Confederation, 1777

Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1777

The Articles of Confederation, 1777 (GLC04759)A day after appointing a committee to write the Declaration of Independence, the Second Continental Congress named another committee to write the Articles of Confederation.

Inline body image(s): 
The Articles of Confederation, 1777 (GLC04759)
The Articles of Confederation, 1777 (GLC04759)
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Ratifying the Thirteenth Amendment, 1866

A primary source by the Iowa General Assembly
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Year of Resource: 
1866
Creator: 
the Iowa General Assembly

Iowa joint resolution ratifying the 13th Amendment, March 30, 1866. (GLC02631)

Iowa joint resolution ratifying the 13th Amendment, March 30, 1866. (GLC02631)
Iowa joint resolution ratifying the 13th Amendment, March 30, 1866. (GLC02631)
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Robert E. Lee’s message to his troops before the Battle of Spotsylvania, 1864

A primary source by Robert E. Lee
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1864
Creator: 
Robert E. Lee

Draft of Robert E. Lee's address to his troops, ca. May 14, 1864. (GLC04429)Just after the devastating fighting in Virginia at the Battle of the Wilderness and prior to the Battle of Spotsylvania in 1864, Confederate General Robert E.

Inline body image(s): 
Draft of Robert E. Lee's address to his troops, ca. May 14, 1864. (GLC04429)
Draft of Robert E. Lee's address to his troops, ca. May 14, 1864. (GLC04429)
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Lucy Knox on the home front during the Revolutionary War, 1777

A primary source by Lucy Knox
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1777
Creator: 
Lucy Knox

Lucy Knox to Henry Knox, May 1777. (GLC05895)Like many others before and after her, Lucy Knox performed a continuous juggling act as a busy wife and mother. Born into an aristocratic family, she had the advantage of a good education.

Inline body image(s): 
Lucy Knox to Henry Knox, May 1777. (GLC05895)
Lucy Knox to Henry Knox, May 1777. (GLC05895)
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

General Sherman on the “March to the Sea,” 1865

A primary source by William T. Sherman
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1865
Creator: 
William T. Sherman

William T. Sherman to James H. Wilson, January 21, 1865. (GLC02947)In the fall of 1864, Gen. James H. Wilson took command of Gen. William T. Sherman’s cavalry.

Inline body image(s): 
William T. Sherman to James H. Wilson, January 21, 1865. (GLC02947)
William T. Sherman to James H. Wilson, January 21, 1865. (GLC02947)
Inline PDFs: 
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Thomas Jefferson’s opposition to the Federalists, 1810

A primary source by Thomas Jefferson
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Year of Resource: 
1810
Creator: 
Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson to David Howell, December 15, 1810. (GLC01027)The Federalist Party evolved from the core of Federalists, like George Washington and Alexander Hamilton, who wrote and defended the US Constitution in 1787–1788.

Inline body image(s): 
Thomas Jefferson to David Howell, December 15, 1810. (GLC01027)
Thomas Jefferson to David Howell, December 15, 1810. (GLC01027)
Inline PDFs: 
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Alexander Hamilton’s “gloomy” view of the American Revolution, 1780

A primary source by Alexander Hamilton
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1780
Creator: 
Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton to François, Marquis de Barbé-Marbois, October 12, 1780 (GLC)By October 1780, in the midst of the American Revolution, Alexander Hamilton was discouraged by the apparent apathy of the American

Inline body image(s): 
Alexander Hamilton to François, Marquis de Barbé-Marbois, October 12, 1780 (GLC)
Alexander Hamilton to François, Marquis de Barbé-Marbois, October 12, 1780 (GLC)
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

John Winthrop describes life in Boston, 1634

A primary source by John Winthrop
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1634
Creator: 
John Winthrop

John Winthrop to Nathaniel Rich, May 22, 1634. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)Between 1629 and 1640, 20,000 Puritans left England for America to escape religious persecution.

Inline body image(s): 
John Winthrop. Oil on canvas, c. 1800.
John Winthrop to Nathaniel Rich, May 22, 1634. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
John Winthrop to Nathaniel Rich, May 22, 1634. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
3rd-column callouts
Callout: Related Collection Objects (2): 
no
Callout: Related Site Content (10): 
Show Related Site Content (top 10)
Callout: Related Site Content (5): 
no
Callout: Upcoming Calendar Events: 
no
Callout: Related Favorited Items ("Visitor Picks"): 
no
More »

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

How to Subscribe

K-12 educator or student? Click here to edit your profile and indicate this, giving you free access, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program.

Not a educator or student? Click here for more information on purchasing a subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.