“America the Beautiful,” 1893

A primary source by Katharine Lee Bates
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Theme: 
Year of Resource: 
1893
Creator: 
Katharine Lee Bates

America the Beautiful, signed by author Katharine Lee Bates, ca. 1925. (GilderIn a brief essay that appeared ca.

Inline body image(s): 
America the Beautiful, signed by author Katharine Lee Bates, ca. 1925. (GLC)
America the Beautiful, signed by author Katharine Lee Bates, ca. 1925. (GLC)
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John Philip Sousa critiques modern music, 1930

A primary source by John P. Sousa
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Theme: 
Year of Resource: 
1930
Creator: 
John P. Sousa

John P. Sousa to John W. Hughes, March 12, 1930. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)John Philip Sousa (1854–1932), an American composer of classical music, served as the director of the United States Marine Band from 1880 to 1892.

Inline body image(s): 
John P. Sousa to John W. Hughes, March 12, 1930. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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Suffragists invoke Lincoln, 1910

Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1910

Lincoln Said Women Should Vote, ca. 1910 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

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Lincoln Said Women Should Vote, ca. 1910 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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Frederick Douglass on Jim Crow, 1887

A primary source by Frederick Douglass
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Year of Resource: 
1887
Creator: 
Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass to unknown recipient, November 23, 1887 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

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Frederick Douglass to unknown, November 23, 1887 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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A soldier’s reasons for enlisting, 1942

A primary source by Sidney Diamond
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1942
Creator: 
Sidney Diamond

Sidney Diamond to Estelle Spero, ca. April 1942 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)“Our country is the entire world and mankind our countrymen!!!”

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Sidney Diamond to Estelle Spero, ca. April 1942 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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My Country, ’Tis of Thee

A primary source by Samuel F. Smith
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Theme: 
Year of Resource: 
1831
Creator: 
Samuel F. Smith

Samuel Francis Smith was a twenty-four-year-old Baptist seminary student in Massachusetts when he wrote the lyrics of “America (My Country, ’Tis of Thee),” theSamuel F. Smith to J. Wiley Edmands, January 29, 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collectio

Samuel F. Smith, America (My Country Tis of Thee) August 4, 1886. (Gilder Lehrm
Samuel F. Smith to J. Wiley Edmands, January 29, 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collectio
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A Ku Klux Klan threat, 1868

A primary source by Ku Klux Klan
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1868
Creator: 
Ku Klux Klan

Ku Klux Klan to Davie Jeems, circa 1868 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

Inline body image(s): 
Ku Klux Klan to Davie Jeems, ca. 1868 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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Indenture agreement, 1742

A primary source by John Reid Jr.
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1742
Creator: 
John Reid Jr.
Synopsis: 

In November 1742, John Reid Jr. of New Jersey bound himself to Robert Livingston Jr., a member of a prominent New York family, to learn the merchant trade.

John Reid Jr.’s indenture of apprenticeship with Robert Livingston Jr.,

John Reid Jr., Indenture of apprenticeship with Robert Livingston Jr., 1742 (GLC
Advertisements for runaway indentured servants, Md. Gazette, May 22, 1755 (GLC)
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A northerner’s view of southern slavery, 1821

A primary source by Aurelia Hale
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1821
Creator: 
Aurelia Hale

Aurelia Hale to her sister Sarah, June 11, 1821.  (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

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Aurelia Hale to her sister Sarah, June 11, 1821.  (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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The Great West Illustrated, 1869

A primary source by Andrew J. Russell
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1869
Creator: 
Andrew J. Russell

The exploration and settlement of the American West coincided with the development of the medium of photography. Photographic images, reproduced in books and newspapers and available for purchase on their own, helped shape Americans’ perceptions of the West by reinforcing ideas about the region as a pristine wilderness of spectacular natural wonders; as a symbol of the future and the realization of manifest destiny; and as a land of economic opportunity, where fortunes could be made by extracting natural resources.

Inline body image(s): 
“High Bluff, Black Buttes,” from The Great West Illustrated by Andrew J. Russell
“Among the Timber, at Head of Little Laramie River.” (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
“Laramie Hotel, Laramie City.” (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
“Gen. Casement’s Construction Train.” (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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