African American soldiers at the Battle of Fort Wagner, 1863

A primary source by Currier & Ives
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Year of Resource: 
1863
Creator: 
Currier & Ives

Charge of the Massachusetts 54th, Currier & Ives, 1863. (GLC)

Inline body image(s): 
Charge of the Massachusetts 54th, Currier & Ives, 1863. (GLC)
Charge of the Massachusetts 54th, Currier & Ives, 1863. (GLC)
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Union soldier turns medic at Gettysburg, 1863

A primary source by Elbert Corbin
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1863
Creator: 
Elbert Corbin

Pvt. Elbert Corbin to his wife, July 6, 1863. (GLC)After three days of fierce fighting on July 1–3, 1863, nearly 40,000 battered soldiers lay scattered across the blood-soaked fields of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

Inline body image(s): 
Pvt. Elbert Corbin to his wife, July 6, 1863. (GLC)
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“The whole land is full of blood,” 1851

A primary source by James W. C. Pennington
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1851
Creator: 
James W. C. Pennington

James William Charles Pennington to unknown, April 29, 1851 (Gilder Lehrman Coll“The whole land is full of blood.”

Inline body image(s): 
James William Charles Pennington to unknown, April 29, 1851 (Gilder Lehrman Coll
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A patriot’s letter to his loyalist father, 1778

A primary source by Timothy Pickering Jr.
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1778
Creator: 
Timothy Pickering Jr.

Timothy Pickering Jr. to Timothy Pickering Sr., February 23, 1778. (GLC)In February 1778, Timothy Pickering Jr. received word from Massachusetts that his father was dying.

Inline body image(s): 
Timothy Pickering Jr. to Timothy Pickering Sr., February 23, 1778. (GLC)
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“America the Beautiful,” 1893

A primary source by Katharine Lee Bates
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Theme: 
Year of Resource: 
1893
Creator: 
Katharine Lee Bates

America the Beautiful, signed by author Katharine Lee Bates, ca. 1925. (GilderIn a brief essay that appeared ca.

Inline body image(s): 
America the Beautiful, signed by author Katharine Lee Bates, ca. 1925. (GLC)
America the Beautiful, signed by author Katharine Lee Bates, ca. 1925. (GLC)
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John Philip Sousa critiques modern music, 1930

A primary source by John P. Sousa
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Theme: 
Year of Resource: 
1930
Creator: 
John P. Sousa

John P. Sousa to John W. Hughes, March 12, 1930. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)John Philip Sousa (1854–1932), an American composer of classical music, served as the director of the United States Marine Band from 1880 to 1892.

Inline body image(s): 
John P. Sousa to John W. Hughes, March 12, 1930. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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Suffragists invoke Lincoln, 1910

Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1910

Lincoln Said Women Should Vote, ca. 1910 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

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Lincoln Said Women Should Vote, ca. 1910 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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Frederick Douglass on Jim Crow, 1887

A primary source by Frederick Douglass
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Year of Resource: 
1887
Creator: 
Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass to unknown recipient, November 23, 1887 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)

Inline body image(s): 
Frederick Douglass to unknown, November 23, 1887 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


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A soldier’s reasons for enlisting, 1942

A primary source by Sidney Diamond
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Sub Era: 
Year of Resource: 
1942
Creator: 
Sidney Diamond

Sidney Diamond to Estelle Spero, ca. April 1942 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)“Our country is the entire world and mankind our countrymen!!!”

Inline body image(s): 
Sidney Diamond to Estelle Spero, ca. April 1942 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)
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Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


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Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

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My Country, ’Tis of Thee

A primary source by Samuel F. Smith
Resource type: 
Primary Source
Primary Theme: 
Year of Resource: 
1831
Creator: 
Samuel F. Smith

Samuel Francis Smith was a twenty-four-year-old Baptist seminary student in Massachusetts when he wrote the lyrics of “America (My Country, ’Tis of Thee),” theSamuel F. Smith to J. Wiley Edmands, January 29, 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collectio

Samuel F. Smith, America (My Country Tis of Thee) August 4, 1886. (Gilder Lehrm
Samuel F. Smith to J. Wiley Edmands, January 29, 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collectio
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Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


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Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


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