Confederate States of America formed

February 8, 1861

The states of the lower South established a new government, the Confederate States of America, and drafted a constitution in Montgomery, Alabama. Although modeled on the US Constitution, the Confederate document specifically referred to slavery, state sovereignty, and God. It explicitly guaranteed slavery in the states and territories but prohibited the international slave trade. It also limited the president to a single six-year term, gave the president a line-item veto, required a two-thirds vote of Congress to admit new states, and prohibited protective tariffs and government funding of internal improvements.

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