John J. Crittenden (1787–1863), a US senator from Kentucky, introduced a series of legislative compromises on the issue of slavery after Lincoln’s election to the presidency. The Crittenden Compromise proposed to restore and extend the Missouri Compromise line, ensure protections for slavery in the South and Washington, DC, and provide popular sovereignty to new states entering the Union. Crittenden’s proposals were defeated and failed to prevent the American Civil War. Crittenden was successful in the passage of the 1861 Crittenden-Johnson Resolution, which affirmed that the purpose of the war was the preservation of the Union rather than the destruction of slavery. Though he disagreed with many of the North’s wartime policies, Crittenden remained loyal to the Union.

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