August 13, 1906

In Brownsville, Texas, black infantrymen stationed at Fort Brown were accused by local white citizens of murdering a bartender and shooting a police officer. The soldiers consistently denied taking part in the attack, and their white commanders asserted that the soldiers were in their barracks during the shooting. With no credible evidence and based only on white accusation, President Theodore Roosevelt ordered the discharge of 167 black infantrymen for refusing to admit to or implicate fellow soldiers in the shooting.

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