Benjamin Harrison (1833–1901) was the twenty-third president of the United States, serving from 1889 to 1893. An Indiana Republican, Harrison won the 1888 election over Democratic nominee Grover Cleveland in the Electoral College, but Cleveland received 100,000 more popular votes. Harrison’s presidency focused on the expansion of American influence, foreign policy, and tariffs and economic policy. The McKinley Tariff Act, the Sherman Antitrust Act, and the Sherman Silver Purchase Act were all passed in 1890. In 1893, Harrison pushed for a treaty for the annexation of Hawaii, but the Senate resisted its passage. Growing populist sentiment and labor discontent turned public opinion against Harrison’s administration, and he was easily defeated by Cleveland in the election of 1892.

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