Reconstruction Acts of 1867

March 2, 1867

Congress passed several Reconstruction Acts. Congress overrode a presidential veto of an act that divided the South into military districts and placed the former Confederate states under martial law pending their adoption of constitutions guaranteeing civil liberties to former slaves. Congress also passed an act giving African American men in the South the right to vote three years before ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment. Finally, it passed the Tenure of Office Act, which barred the president from removing officeholders without Senate approval. In August 1867, Johnson tested the Tenure of Office Act by removing Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, which prompted Republicans in Congress to impeach the President.

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