Abigail Adams (1744–1818) was both the wife of John Adams, the second president of the United States, and the mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth president, as well as a historic figure in her own right. During the Revolutionary era, Abigail and John Adams were often separated while John worked for independence and the creation of the new American government. Despite their long separations, the two shared a close bond, and Abigail often advised her husband in political matters. Abigail opposed slavery and supported educational opportunities for women. In 1776, as John Adams and the other members of the Continental Congress prepared to declare independence, Abigail wrote to her husband expressing her opinion that the new government should “remember the ladies” and take a more equal view of women’s rights under the law.

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