Charles Lindbergh (1902–1974) was an American aviator who became famous as the first pilot to make a solo transatlantic flight in 1927. Lindbergh made the 33.5 hour trip from New York to Paris in his plane, the Spirit of St. Louis. The flight earned him a $25,000 prize and the admiration of the international public. Lindbergh came into the public eye again in 1932, when his young son was kidnapped, held for ransom, and murdered. In the years leading up to World War II, Lindbergh became known as a fascist sympathizer, who advocated American neutrality and accepted a German medal of honor from Nazi officials in 1938. He also served as a representative for the America First Committee, an isolationist organization that opposed American entry into the war. In April 1941 Lindbergh resigned his Army Air Corps commission after being denounced by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Though Lindbergh admired the Nazis and had publicly called for American neutrality, he became a supporter of the war effort after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. He requested and was refused reenlistment. Lindbergh served as an adviser to the US military and flew dozens of combat missions in the Pacific despite his civilian status.

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