Clarence Darrow (1857–1938) was an American lawyer who earned fame as the defense counsel in a number of controversial cases. Darrow was admitted to the Ohio bar in 1878. In 1887, he worked on behalf of anarchists charged in Chicago’s Haymarket Riot. In the 1890s and early 1900s, he worked on behalf of labor causes, defending Eugene V. Debs on charges related to the Pullman Strike and representing miners in the Pennsylvania anthracite coal strike. In 1924, his defense saved the teenaged murderers Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold from the death penalty. The next year in Tennessee, as the defense counsel in the Scopes trial, he thoroughly repudiated the argument against evolution in his cross examination of former presidential candidate and anti-evolution advocate William Jennings Bryan.

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