Joseph Brant, or Thayendanegea, (1743–1807) was the Mohawk chief who led the British-allied Iroquois during the American Revolution. Brant, at the direction of his English brother-in-law, Sir William Johnson, was educated at Moor’s Charity School for Indians in Connecticut, where he learned English and converted to the Anglican faith. He fought for the British in the French and Indian War and later received a captain’s commission in 1775. In 1776, Brant emerged as a leader of loyalists and the British-allied Iroquois. He led forces in the Battle of Oriskany in 1777. Brant’s raids on American settlements in the Mohawk Valley led to American retaliation in 1779. The colonists burned and destroyed villages and crops, effectively crushing Iroquois forces. After the war, Brant settled in Canada and worked as a missionary. He attempted to reunite the Iroquois, who were divided between American and British supporters during the Revolution.

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