Blog Feed https://www.gilderlehrman.org/treasures-from-the-collection-feed en A letter from a slave to his mother, 1859 https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/letter-from-slave-his-mother-1859 <p><span style="line-height: 20.7999992370605px;">Sometimes documents leave us with more questions than answers. That is definitely true for this letter of October 8, 1859, from an unidentified man to his mother—both of whom appear to be slaves!</span></p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2392" height="2973" title="First page of a letter from an unidentified slave to his mother, October 8, 1859. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="First page of a letter from an unidentified slave to his mother, October 8, 1859" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/GLC00226_00001_0.jpg?1415639238" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2402" height="2964" title="Second page of a letter from an unidentified slave to his mother, October 8, 1859. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Second page of a letter from an unidentified slave to his mother, October 8, 185" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/GLC00226_00002.jpg?1415639269" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/letter-from-slave-his-mother-1859" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/letter-from-slave-his-mother-1859#comments Slavery and Anti-Slavery African Americans and Emancipation Collections Mon, 10 Nov 2014 17:15:38 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 163317 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Ulysses S. Grant at West Point, 1839 https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/ulysses-s-grant-west-point-1839 <p>The Gilder Lehrman Collection includes a letter and a painting by Ulysses S. Grant when he was a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. These unique items reveal Grant as the equivalent of a modern-day college student.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-pdfs"> <div class="field-label">Inline PDFs:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="filefield-file"><img class="filefield-icon field-icon-application-pdf" alt="application/pdf icon" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/all/modules/filefield/icons/application-pdf.png" /><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/inline-pdfs/t-03632.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=89467" title="t-03632.pdf">here</a></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2554" height="3189" title="Ulysses S. Grant to R McKinstrey Griffith, September 22, 1839. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Ulysses S. Grant to R McKinstrey Griffith, September 22, 1839. (Gilder Lehrman C" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/03632p1_0.jpg?1409671772" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="5293" height="3509" title="Landscape watercolor painted by Grant as cadet at West Point, circa 1842. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Landscape watercolor painted by Grant as cadet at West Point, circa 1842. (The G" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07641_0.jpg?1410356607" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1068" height="481" title="Detail of Grant&#039;s signature from his letter to McKinstrey Griffith. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Detail of Grant&#039;s signature from his letter to McKinstrey Griffith. (The Gilder " src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/signature.jpg?1410355422" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="391" height="101" title="Detail of Grant&#039;s signature from a painting. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Detail of Grant&#039;s signature from a painting. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/signature_0.jpg?1410355583" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/ulysses-s-grant-west-point-1839" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/ulysses-s-grant-west-point-1839#comments Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877 Collections Tue, 02 Sep 2014 15:59:23 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 143534 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org The cost of living in New York City in 1787 https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/cost-living-new-york-city-1787 <p>The Henry Knox Papers in the Gilder Lehrman Collection contain more than 10,000 documents dating from 1750 to 1820. The bulk of the archive chronicles the American Revolution and early founding era. The depth and complexity of the Knox Papers have made it a favorite with the curatorial staff. One particularly interesting document from this archive is the Knox family’s living expenses in New York and when Henry served as secretary of war under the Articles of Confederation.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="4561" height="7662" title="Henry Knox. An Estimate of the annual expense of family &amp;c in New York for the year 1785 86, and 87. (GLC02437.03646 p. 1)" alt="Henry Knox. An Estimate of the annual expense of family " src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/02437.03646p1.jpg?1405706283" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="4702" height="7680" title="Henry Knox. An Estimate of the annual expense of family &amp;c in New York for the year 1785 86, and 87. (GLC02437.03646 p. 2)" alt="Henry Knox. An Estimate of the annual expense of family " src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/02437.03646p2.jpg?1405706290" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/cost-living-new-york-city-1787" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/cost-living-new-york-city-1787#comments Creating a New Government Collections cost of living Founding Era Henry Knox Wed, 13 Aug 2014 18:52:19 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 134519 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Recent Acquisition: Photographs of the Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/recent-acquisition-photographs-japanese-raid-pearl-harbor <p>A good primary source will give you a sense of immediacy and awe that makes history come alive and leaves you with a deeper understanding of an event. It is one of the key elements we look for when adding materials to the Gilder Lehrman Collection. When we first learned of these photographs taken during the Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor and in its immediate aftermath, we knew they would be a good fit in our Collection, and when they arrived, the staff was struck by the power of the images.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="5520" height="4464" title="USS Arizona, December 7, 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="USS Arizona, December 7, 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09547.007p1cropped.jpg?1404306852" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="4073" height="5401" title="Wreckage of USS Downes and USS Cassin, December 7, 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Wreckage of USS Downes and USS Cassin, December 7, 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Colle" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09547.002p1cropped_0.jpg?1404306482" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="5479" height="4412" title="Fire crews attempt to save the USS Virginia and USS Tennessee, December 7, 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="USS Virginia and USS Tennessee, December 7, 1941. (Gilder Lehrma" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09547.006p1cropped.jpg?1404306623" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6275" height="4356" title="Sailors work on raising the USS Oklahoma, May 24, 1943. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Sailors work on raising the USS Oklahoma, May 24, 1943. (Gilder Lehrm" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09547.004p1_2.jpg?1404306429" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="5091" height="4196" title="Unidentified wreckage, December 7, 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Unidentified wreckage, December 7, 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09547.005p1cropped.jpg?1404306549" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="5448" height="4128" title="Servicemen observe the bombing of military airfields in Hawaii, December 7, 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Servicemen observe the bombing of military airfields in Hawaii, December 7, 1941" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09547.009p1cropped.jpg?1404306764" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="3500" height="4751" title="Japanese bombardment of Battleship Row, photographed from a Japanese plane. December 7, 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Japanese bombardment of Battleship Row, December 7, 1941 (Gilder Lehrman Col" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09547.016p1_Cropped.jpg?1404307167" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="8545" height="5456" title="Log album US Navy Air Station Pearl Harbor, circa 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Log album US Navy Air Station Pearl Harbor, circa 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Coll" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09547.001c.jpg?1404313273" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="4596" height="3373" title="Bombardment of Pearl Harbor, photographed from a Japanese plane. December 7, 1941. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Bombardment of Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09547.017p1cropped.jpg?1404314223" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="4679" height="3335" title="Bombardment of Battleship Row with Hickman airfield burning in the distance. Some have proposed that the object toward the center of this image is a Japanese sub firing torpedoes at the USS West Virginia and the USS Oklahoma. The concussion waves and spreading oil slick are from an explosion on the ships. Photographed from a Japanese plane. December 7, 1941. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Japanese bombardment of Battleship Row (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09547.15p1cropped.jpg?1404747669" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/recent-acquisition-photographs-japanese-raid-pearl-harbor" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/recent-acquisition-photographs-japanese-raid-pearl-harbor#comments World War II Collections air raid Hawaii Japanese Pearl Harbor US Navy World War II Wed, 02 Jul 2014 13:22:13 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 135364 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Civil War soldiers: Thomas Burpee and his sons https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/civil-war-soldiers-thomas-burpee-and-his-sons <p style="line-height: 20.799999237060547px;"><span style="line-height: 20.799999237060547px;">The Gilder Lehrman Collection has more than 10,000 letters written by soldiers during the American Civil War, and w</span><span style="line-height: 20.799999237060547px;">hen you read dozens or even hundreds of letters by the same person, it is very much like reality television. You become involved in the drama of their lives</span><span style="line-height: 20.799999237060547px;">—the war, relationships, finances, and losses.</span></p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="363" height="295" title="Charlie Burpee to Thomas Burpee, n.d. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection) " alt="Charlie Burpee to Thomas Burpee, n.d. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection) " src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/02744.296_p2_0.jpg?1402324463" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="3034" height="4869" title="Lucien Burpee to Thomas Burpee, February 28, 1864. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Lucien Burpee to Thomas Burpee, February 28, 1864. (The Gilder Lehrman Collectio" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/02744.300_p1.jpg?1402328039" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/civil-war-soldiers-thomas-burpee-and-his-sons" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/civil-war-soldiers-thomas-burpee-and-his-sons#comments The American Civil War Collections American Civil War; soldier's letter; Mon, 09 Jun 2014 16:05:30 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 134023 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org The Pierce Butler Papers from the US Constitutional Convention https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/pierce-butler-papers-from-us-constitutional-convention <p>This archive of twenty-six documents was compiled by Pierce Butler when he served as one of South Carolina’s delegates to the US Constitutional Convention in 1787. It includes the printed first and second drafts of the Constitution; two small notebooks of proceedings; contemporary copies of the Virginia (or Randolph) Plan favoring larger states in Congress, the New Jersey (or Patterson) Plan favoring smaller states, Hamilton’s plan for a bicameral legislature and permanent executive, and Franklin’s compromise—all of which were used by Butler during the debates.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-pdfs"> <div class="field-label">Inline PDFs:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <div class="filefield-file"><img class="filefield-icon field-icon-application-pdf" alt="application/pdf icon" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/all/modules/filefield/icons/application-pdf.png" /><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/inline-pdfs/Pierece Butler Papers.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=15633" title="Pierece Butler Papers.pdf">full pdf inventory </a></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2367" height="3802" title="Pierce Butler&#039;s Notebook, page 1. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Pierce Butler&#039;s Notebook, page 1. (The Gilder Lehrman Col" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00819.04p1_0.jpg?1400248968" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2461" height="3929" title="Pierce Butler&#039;s Notebook, page 5. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Pierce Butler&#039;s Notebook, page 5. (The Gilder Lehrman Co" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00819.04p5_0.jpg?1400248992" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2723" height="3401" title="Resolution recommending dividing the states into three allied republics, 1787. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Resolution recommending dividing the states into three allied republics, 1787. " src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00819-23.jpg?1400249153" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2480" height="1020" title="Fugitive Slave Clause, 1787. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Fugitive Slave Clause,1787. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00819.17p1.jpg?1400257214" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2480" height="1010" title="Docket on the Fugitive Slave Clause, 1787. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Docket on the Fugitive Slave Clause, 1787. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00819.17p2.jpg?1400257205" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2391" height="3795" title="Pierce Butler&#039;s Notebook, page 2. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Pierce Butler&#039;s Notebook,page 2. (The Gilder Lehrman Co" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00819.04p2_0.jpg?1400504611" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2463" height="3950" title="Pierce Butler&#039;s Notebook, page 3. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Pierce Butler&#039;s Notebook, page 3. (The Gilder Lehrman Co" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00819.04p3_0.jpg?1400506025" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2480" height="3938" title="Pierce Butler&#039;s Notebook, page 4. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Pierce Butler&#039;s Notebook, page 4. (The Gilder Lehrman Co" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00819.04p4.jpg?1400506115" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/pierce-butler-papers-from-us-constitutional-convention" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-vault/pierce-butler-papers-from-us-constitutional-convention#comments Creating a New Government Collections Constitutional Convention Fri, 16 May 2014 15:12:47 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 132148 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Fighting discrimination during World War II: Eleanor Roosevelt’s “four basic rights,” 1944 https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-collection/fighting-discrimination-during-world-war-ii-eleanor-roos <p>In this newly received donation to the Gilder Lehrman Collection, Eleanor Roosevelt responds to a correspondent who was apparently&nbsp;worried about the desegregation of restrooms and forced social interaction between the races in the government’s movement toward racial equality in some spheres. <span style="line-height: 20.799999237060547px;">Mrs. Roosevelt enumerates the “four basic rights which I believe every citizen in a democracy must enjoy.</span></p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1200" height="1792" title="Eleanor Roosevelt to Addie Frizielle, May 13, 1944. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Eleanor Roosevelt to Addie Frizielle, May 13, 1944. (GLC09544)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/roosevelt_eleanor_fourFreedoms.jpg?1399294029" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-collection/fighting-discrimination-during-world-war-ii-eleanor-roos" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/discoveries-from-the-collection/fighting-discrimination-during-world-war-ii-eleanor-roos#comments World War II Collections desegregation; rights; equality Mon, 05 May 2014 13:19:57 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 130782 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Fredericksburg, Then and Now https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/fredericksburg-then-and-now <p>by Elena Colón-Marrero, Christopher Newport University Class of 2014</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="7795" height="5876" title="The Sunken Road, Fredericksburg, Va., May 2, 1863. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="The Sunken Road, May 2, 1863, Fredericksburg, Va. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/03029.31p1_1_0.jpg?1382469277" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="3480" height="3365" title="Mathew Brady, Tomb of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, Va,. circa 1861-1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Mathew Brady, Tomb of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, Va,. circa 1861-1865. (Gi" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/03029.26.jpg?1382118727" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2958" height="4032" title="The Stevens House where General Thomas Cobb died, Fredericksburg, Va., circa 1862-1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="The Stevens House where General Thomas Cobb died, Fredericksburg, Va., circa 18" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.01.0383p1_1.jpg?1382118044" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="3166" height="2885" title="Baptist Church, Fredericksburg, Va., circa 1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Baptist Church, Fredericksburg, Va., circa 1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.01.0865p1_0.jpg?1382118562" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="3295" height="2888" title="The Lacy House, Fredericksburg, circa 1862-1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="The Lacy House, Fredericksburg, circa 1862-1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.01.0980p1_0.jpg?1382118418" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="3561" height="2887" title="Marye’s house, Fredericksburg, Va., circa 1862-1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Marye’s house, Fredericksburg, Va., circa 1862-1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.01.0864p1_0.jpg?1382118200" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/fredericksburg-then-and-now" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/fredericksburg-then-and-now#comments The American Civil War Collections American Civil War civil war photography photography photojournalism Thu, 17 Oct 2013 18:32:53 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 107700 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Respected General turns traitor, 1780 https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/respected-general-turns-traitor-1780 <p>Benedict Arnold, whose name is now synonymous with the word “traitor,” was once a well-respected American officer responsible for key victories at Fort Ticonderoga, Crown Point, Fort Stanwix, and Saratoga. Arnold’s contemporaries were shocked when his plot to surrender West Point to the British was discovered in September 1780. Historical records indicate that Arnold’s betrayal had begun in the spring of 1779 when he handed over military intelligence to the British.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2110" height="3485" title="Benedict Arnold to Ebenezer Foote, September, 4 1780. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Benedict Arnold to Ebenezer Foote, September, 4 1780. (The Gilder Lehrman Collec" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/G%2008919%20P1.jpg?1377192159" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/respected-general-turns-traitor-1780" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/respected-general-turns-traitor-1780#comments Collections spies spying traitor West Point Thu, 22 Aug 2013 17:37:30 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 96512 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Robert E. Lee writes about friends and “the daughters of Eve” at Fort Monroe, 1834 https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/robert-e-lee-writes-about-friends-and-%E2%80%9C-daughters-eve%E2%80%9D-for <p>This gossipy and personal letter captures the close friendship between Robert E. Lee and John “Jack” MacKay. It offers an example of letter writing in the days before the instant communication provided by telephones and the Internet. It also demonstrates the camaraderie and easy-going friendship of army officers as well as the relatively carefree life enjoyed by US soldiers prior to the Civil War. It serves as a reminder that even the greatest of historical figures were human and spoke of girls, babies, and “blushing.”</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2029" height="2598" title="Robert E. Lee to John MacKay, June 26, 1834. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Robert E. Lee to John MacKay, June 26, 1834. (The Gilder Lehrman Institute)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/01070p1_0.jpg?1371739022" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/robert-e-lee-writes-about-friends-and-%E2%80%9C-daughters-eve%E2%80%9D-for" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/robert-e-lee-writes-about-friends-and-%E2%80%9C-daughters-eve%E2%80%9D-for#comments The American Civil War The Age of Jackson Collections beach Fort Monroe friendship Ft. Monroe Jack Mackay Robert E Lee Tue, 18 Jun 2013 18:20:40 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 90826 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Robert E. Lee’s condolence letter to his son Rooney, 1864 https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/robert-e-lee%E2%80%99s-condolence-letter-his-son-rooney-1864 <p>In this beautifully written letter, Confederate general Robert E. Lee attempts to console his son William Fitzhugh “Rooney” Lee on the loss of his wife. The letter demonstrates the emotion that Lee felt for his family and offers a glimpse of the strength that carried Lee through the war. His faith in God, his empathy for others’ misfortunes, and his belief in the Confederate cause, all granted Lee the fortitude he needed to endure the war. One can see all of these attributes in this single, short missive.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2406" height="2994" title="Robert E. Lee to William F. Lee, April 24, 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection, GLC05979 p. 1)" alt="Robert E. Lee to William F. Lee, April 24, 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection, GLC" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05979p1.jpg?1366292685" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2400" height="2976" title="Robert E. Lee to William F. Lee, April 24, 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection, GLC05979 p. 2)" alt="Robert E. Lee to William F. Lee, April 24, 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection, GLC" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05979p2.jpg?1366292943" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/robert-e-lee%E2%80%99s-condolence-letter-his-son-rooney-1864" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/robert-e-lee%E2%80%99s-condolence-letter-his-son-rooney-1864#comments The American Civil War Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877 Collections children Civil War condolence letter Family grief Robert E. Lee Rooney Lee Ulysses S. Grant wife wilderness campaign William Lee Thu, 18 Apr 2013 14:21:30 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 86095 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Playing ball for the troops: Yankees/Dodgers/Giants exhibition benefit game, 1943 https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/playing-ball-for-troops-yankeesdodgersgiants-exhibition-be <p>There’s no denying the important role that baseball has played in America’s past. It has always been considered more than a game, whether played by professional athletes or kids at the sandlot. This was never more obvious than during World War II. By 1943, the war was raging in Europe and the Pacific. American mothers and fathers sent their sons to war and those who stayed home made whatever sacrifices they could, great or small.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="5908" height="2411" title="[Unused ticket, Yankees-Giants-Dodgers Double Header], April 14, 1943. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="[Unused ticket, Yankees-Giants-Dodgers Double Header], April 14, 1943 (GLC09414)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09414_baseball.jpg?1364395531" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/playing-ball-for-troops-yankeesdodgersgiants-exhibition-be" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/playing-ball-for-troops-yankeesdodgersgiants-exhibition-be#comments World War II The Great Depression and World War II, 1929-1945 Collections Baseball baseball ticket Brooklyn Dodgers CDVO Civil Defense Civilian Defense Volunteer Office Giants New York World War II Yankees Wed, 27 Mar 2013 15:11:05 +0000 tom.mullusky 83659 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Former slave, Doctor Cuffee Wells, 1781 https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/former-slave-doctor-cuffee-wells-1781 <p><span style="line-height: 21.111112594604492px;">Sometimes a simple document can open the door to a great story. In this statement dated 1781, Richard Lamb and John Nutter verify that Cuffee Wells enlisted in the Continental Army in May 1777 and earned a bounty of 30 pounds, part of which was given to his master. Likewise, Justice of the Peace Benjamin Huntington confirmed that Cuffee’s commanding officer, Captain Jedediah Hyde of Norwich, “always understood that the money that was given to Wells at his Enlistment Purchased his Freedom.” It is not clear why this document was created.</span></p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2427" height="3780" title="Benjamin Huntington, Certifies Cuffee Wells’s purchase of freedom, April 30, 1781. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Benjamin Huntington, Certifies Cuffee Wells’s purchase of freedom, April 30, 178" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00318p1.jpg?1361539015" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/former-slave-doctor-cuffee-wells-1781" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/former-slave-doctor-cuffee-wells-1781#comments The War for Independence Collections african american soldier doctor slave Fri, 22 Feb 2013 13:21:47 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 79859 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Martha Washington: First Lady’s grandchildren were her top priority https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/martha-washington-first-lady%E2%80%99s-grandchildren-were-her-top- <p>On April 30, 1789, George Washington was sworn in as our nation’s first president. His wife, Martha Washington, was not at his side. Washington had only received the election results two weeks earlier, on April 14, when Secretary of Congress Charles Thomson arrived at Mount Vernon to notify Washington. He left for the temporary national capital, New York City, two days later and arrived on April 23. He traveled through six states, attending celebrations in cities and towns along the route and being greeted by thousands of citizens who lined the roads.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2245" height="2951" title="Martha Washington to Frances B. Washington, June 8, 1789. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Martha Washington to Frances B. Washington, June 8, 1789. (Gilder Lehrman Co" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/G07908%20%281%29.jpg?1357584210" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="558" height="628" title="Martha Washington (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Martha Washington (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/06391.10%20crop.jpg?1357586230" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/martha-washington-first-lady%E2%80%99s-grandchildren-were-her-top-" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/martha-washington-first-lady%E2%80%99s-grandchildren-were-her-top-#comments The New Nation, 1783-1815 Collections George Washington Inauguration Martha Washington Mon, 07 Jan 2013 18:45:21 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 73436 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org New World War II acquisition: Pearl Harbor patriotic poster from 1942 https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/new-world-war-ii-acquisition-pearl-harbor-patriotic-poster <p>Following the Japanese bombardment of the US Naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941, the United States declared war on Japan and Germany and immediately mobilized the country for war. “Remember Dec. 7th!” is a propaganda poster intended to promote a sense of nationalism and boost support for the war effort.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="4992" height="7128" title="Remember Dec. 7th, Office of War Information, 1942. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Remember Dec. 7th, Office of War Information, 1942. (The Gilder Lehrman Collecti" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09520.08_2.jpg?1356037293" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/new-world-war-ii-acquisition-pearl-harbor-patriotic-poster" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/new-world-war-ii-acquisition-pearl-harbor-patriotic-poster#comments World War II The Great Depression and World War II, 1929-1945 Collections Pearl Harbor propaganda poster recruitment poster World War II WWII Mon, 26 Nov 2012 14:19:54 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 68951 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org The Emancipation Proclamation: Raising money for sick and wounded soldiers https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/emancipation-proclamation-raising-money-for-sick-and-wound <p>The Emancipation Proclamation stands as the single most important accomplishment of Lincoln’s presidency. The preliminary proclamation, announced on September 22, 1862, served as a warning for Southern states that if they did not abandon the war, they would lose their slaves. More important, it was the first step toward the official abolition of slavery in the United States.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="4135" height="6496" title="President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, 1864. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection.)" alt="President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, 1864. (The Gilder Lehrman" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00004p1.jpg?1353336254" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2953" height="2738" title="Reading the Emancipation Proclamation, 1863. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Reading the Emancipation Proclamation, 1863. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07595.jpg?1353337264" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="3408" height="4370" title="Portrait of Abraham Lincoln by Alexander Gardner, 1863. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Portrait of Abraham Lincoln by Alexander Gardner, 1863. (The Gilder Lehrman Coll" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00245.jpg?1355921936" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/emancipation-proclamation-raising-money-for-sick-and-wound" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/emancipation-proclamation-raising-money-for-sick-and-wound#comments The Failure of Compromise The American Civil War African Americans and Emancipation Reconstruction Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877 Collections Emancipation Proclamation United States Sanitary Commission Mon, 19 Nov 2012 15:04:36 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 68096 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Select images from the American Civil War https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/select-images-from-american-civil-war <p>In October 1862, Mathew Brady opened a photography exhibition at his studio in New York City. Entitled <em>The Dead of Antietam</em>, the exhibition attracted large crowds and brought the war home in a way that news articles and casualty listings could not. On October 20, 1862, an <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/1862/10/20/news/brady-s-photographs-pictures-of-the-dead-at-antietam.html">editorial in the <em>New York Times</em></a> explained that “the dead of the battle-field come up to us very rarely, even in dreams.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6009" height="5188" title="Confederate Prisoners at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1863. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Confederate Prisoners at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1863. (GLC03029.08)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/03029.08p1_1.jpg?1352911382" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="7795" height="5876" title="Confederate wall at Marye’s Heights, Fredericksburg, Maryland, ca. 1863. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Confederate wall at Marye’s Heights, Fredericksburg, MD, ca. 1863. (GLC03029.31)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/03029.31p1_1.jpg?1352911590" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6017" height="5005" title="First Confederate soldiers at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, 1861. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="First Confederate soldiers at Fort Sumter, SC, 1861. (GLC05111.01.0013)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.01.0013_1.jpg?1352912257" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6854" height="5041" title="State House in Nashville, Tennessee, ca. 1864–1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="State House in Nashville, Tennessee, ca. 1864–1865. (GLC05111.01.0248)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.01.0248_0.jpg?1352912320" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6016" height="5049" title="Lutheran Church in Sharpsburg, Maryland, 1862. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Lutheran Church in Sharpsburg, Maryland, 1862. (GLC05111.01.0753)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.01.0753_0.jpg?1352912614" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6049" height="5252" title="Ruins of a Paper Mill, Richmond, Virginia, 1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Ruins of a Paper Mill, Richmond, Virginia, 1865. (GLC05111.01.0792)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.01.0792_1.jpg?1352912681" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6003" height="5181" title="The Field at Antietam near Dunker’s Church, 1862. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="The Field at Antietam near Dunker’s Church, 1862. (GLC05111.01.0889)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.01.0889left_0.jpg?1352912822" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6023" height="5394" title="Former slaves near the canal in Richmond, Virginia, 1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Former slaves near the canal in Richmond, Virginia, 1865. (GLC05111.01.1038)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.01.0924p1_0.jpg?1352912869" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="4889" height="6008" title="White Mountain Rangers, possibly New Hampshire, 1861. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="White Mountain Rangers, possibly New Hampshire, 1861. (GLC05137.002)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05137.002left_1.jpg?1352912988" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6018" height="5926" title="Soldiers from the Army of the James, Point of Rocks, Virginia, ca. 1864–1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Soldiers from the Army of the James, Point of Rocks, VA, 1864–5. (GLC05137.005)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05137.005left_1.jpg?1352913048" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="5868" height="6005" title="Petersburg Railroad Depot, Richmond, Virginia , 1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Petersburg Railroad Depot, Richmond, Virginia ,1865. (GLC05137.130)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05137.130left_0.jpg?1352913107" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6020" height="5899" title="The Human Pyramid, Gymnastic Field Sport, ca. 1861–1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="The Human Pyramid, Gymnastic Field Sport, ca. 1861–1865. (GLC05137.194)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05137.194left_0.jpg?1352913234" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6781" height="5475" title="Execution of the Lincoln assassination conspirators, Washington, DC, 1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Execution of the Lincoln assassination conspirators, Washington DC, 1865. (GLC)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/06341p1_2.jpg?1352914038" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6011" height="3940" title="Andersonville prison seen from the guard tower, Andersonville, Georgia, 1864 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Andersonville prison seen from the guard tower, Andersonville, GA, 1864 (GLC)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/06999.01p1_0.jpg?1352914288" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="6002" height="3900" title="Preparing for the execution of Henry Wirz, Washington, DC, 1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Preparing for the execution of Henry Wirz, Washington, DC, 1865. (GLC)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/06999.33p1.jpg?1352914353" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="8696" height="7039" title="The New Capitol, Columbia, South Carolina, 1865 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="The New Capitol, Columbia, South Carolina, 1865 (GLC00554)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/00554cropped.jpg?1352914582" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="8268" height="7804" title="Field where General Reynolds fell, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1863. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Field where General Reynolds fell, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1863. (GLC02435)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/02435cropped2.jpg?1352914697" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="5444" height="8626" title="The US Capitol during Lincoln’s second inauguration, Washington, DC, 1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="The US Capitol during Lincoln’s second inauguration, Washington, DC, 1865. (T" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.01.0006cropped.jpg?1352914968" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/select-images-from-american-civil-war" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/select-images-from-american-civil-war#comments The Failure of Compromise The American Civil War African Americans and Emancipation Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877 Collections battle images civil war photography photography prisoners of war Tue, 13 Nov 2012 15:42:44 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 67296 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Food Conservation during WWI: “Food Will Win the War” https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/food-conservation-during-wwi-%E2%80%9Cfood-will-win-war%E2%80%9D <p>When most people think of wartime food rationing they often think of World War II. However, civilians were encouraged to do their part for the war effort during World War I as well. This colorful poster by artist Charles E. Chambers was issued by the United States Food Administration to encourage voluntary food conservation. “Food Will Win the War” was the name of the campaign initiated by the newly appointed head of the agency, Herbert Hoover.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="7994" height="11872" title="“Food Will Win the War,” United States Food Administration, ca. 1918. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="“Food Will Win the War,” US Food Administration, ca. 1918. (GLC09522)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09522_4.jpg?1350396708" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/food-conservation-during-wwi-%E2%80%9Cfood-will-win-war%E2%80%9D" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/food-conservation-during-wwi-%E2%80%9Cfood-will-win-war%E2%80%9D#comments Collections food conservation food rationing immigrants propaganda rationing Statue of Liberty wheat conservation World War I WWI Tue, 16 Oct 2012 14:20:17 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 64710 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Patriotic Verse in a Schoolboy’s Math Book during the Revolutionary War https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/patriotic-verse-schoolboy%E2%80%99s-math-book-during-revolutionary <p style="text-align: left; "><span style="line-height: 20px; ">Between the pages of his math exercise book John Barstow jotted down a patriotic tune called “The Amaricans Challing” on January 2, 1777. Carefully written in a youth’s unsteady hand, the text appears to be a transcript of a popular camp song from the Revolutionary era. How this declaration of patriotism found its way into Barstow’s&nbsp;</span><em>math</em><span style="line-height: 20px; ">&nbsp;lessons is unknown.</span></p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2108" height="2776" title="Poem written in John Barstow&#039;s math book, circa 1777. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Poem written in John Barstow&#039;s math book, circa 1777. (Gilder Lehrman Collection" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/09051p52-poem.jpg?1343329103" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/patriotic-verse-schoolboy%E2%80%99s-math-book-during-revolutionary" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/patriotic-verse-schoolboy%E2%80%99s-math-book-during-revolutionary#comments The War for Independence Collections American Revolution patriot verse patriotic poem Thu, 26 Jul 2012 19:12:51 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 56907 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Civil War–era sketches by David Stauffer https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/civil-war%E2%80%93era-sketches-by-david-stauffer <p>When the Civil War broke out, David McNeely Stauffer (1845–1913) was only sixteen years old. While attending Franklin and Marshall College in Pennsylvania from September 1861 through June 1863, he served brief, emergency enlistments when the state of Pennsylvania was threatened by Robert E. Lee’s forces. He joined the 2nd Pennsylvania Emergency Regiment in September 1862 and served until winter. In June 1863, he joined in the defense of Gettysburg with the 
Independent Battery of Pennsylvania.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="2620" height="2100" title="U.S. Ram Choctaw and U.S. Monitor Winnebago, May - July, 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="U.S. Ram Choctaw and U.S. Monitor Winnebago, May - July, 1864. (Gilder Lehrm" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p14detail2.jpg?1337177280" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1828" height="873" alt="" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p17detail1_0.jpg?1337103857" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1876" height="1499" title="Confederate Submarine Pioneer, March 1865 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Confederate Submarine Pioneer, March 1865 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p17detail4_0.jpg?1337103813" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1877" height="793" title="Catholic Convent. College Point, Louisiana, circa 1864 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Catholic Convent. College Point, Louisiana, circa 1864 (Gilder Lehrman Collecti" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p20detail2.jpg?1337103865" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="756" height="993" title="&quot;Watching de Gum boat,&quot; ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="&quot;Watching de Gum boat,&quot; ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p20detail1.jpg?1337103940" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1164" height="1116" title="&quot;Compounding Gunbo or Okra Soup,&quot; ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="&quot;Compounding Gumbo or Okra Soup,&quot; ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p20detail3_0.jpg?1337104079" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1133" height="1110" title="Two females Chatles woking &quot;de cane,&quot; ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Two females Chatles woking &quot;de cane,&quot; ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p20detail4_0.jpg?1337104140" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1236" height="1614" title="&quot;Creole House, Louisiana,&quot; ca. 1864 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="&quot;Creole House, Louisiana,&quot; ca. 1864 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p21detail1_0.jpg?1337104204" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="922" height="1396" title="Unidentified slave, ca. 1864 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Unidentified slave, ca. 1864 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p21detail3.jpg?1337186683" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1872" height="1872" title="No. 40 and the U.S.S. St Clair. No. 19, February 1864 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="No. 40 and the U.S.S. St Clair. No. 19, February 1864 (Gilder Lehrman Colle " src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p15detail_1.jpg?1337174326" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1798" height="1269" title="The Brigantine Vision, July 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="The Brigantine Vision, July 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p18detail2.jpg?1337176214" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1740" height="1272" title="Identification Pennants of the Mississippi Squadron, ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Identification Pennants of the Mississippi Squadron, ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p28detail.jpg?1337178554" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="3543" height="1969" title="11-inch Dahlgren Gun, ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="11-inch Dahlgren Gun, ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p08_0.jpg?1337260441" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1831" height="1878" title="Naval Gun Carriage, ca. 1864 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Naval Gun Carriage, ca. 1864 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p01_0.jpg?1337260776" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1773" height="1601" title="Diagram of how to aim a cannon from inside a ship, ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Diagram of how to aim a cannon from inside a ship, ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman C" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p01deatil1_0.jpg?1337260927" /> </div> <div class="field-item even"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1782" height="2321" title="Identification Pennants, ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Identification Pennants, ca. 1864. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p35detail.jpg?1337261872" /> </div> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1869" height="1788" title="The New English 600 pdr. Armstrong Gun. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="The New English 600 pdr. Armstrong Gun. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07713V1p10%20detail.jpg?1341247690" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/civil-war%E2%80%93era-sketches-by-david-stauffer" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/civil-war%E2%80%93era-sketches-by-david-stauffer#comments The American Civil War Collections art artillery contraband naval flags sketches Tue, 15 May 2012 18:17:13 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 49875 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Mother’s Day, 1919: “may you never get another letter from France as long as you live!” https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/mother%E2%80%99s-day-1919-%E2%80%9Cmay-you-never-get-another-letter-from-f <p>What would be a better Mother’s Day present than learning that your child would be returning home from war? In 1919, thirty-year-old Lawrence Hopkins of the 305th Engineers was at the Forwarding Camp in Le Mans, France, awaiting orders to return home. On Wednesday, May 7, he wrote his mother in Ashtabula, Ohio, an early Mother’s Day letter in hopes he would be at sea by Sunday. With great excitement he announced the possibility of being home by Decoration Day (Memorial Day):</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="3226" height="5113" title="Lawrence Hopkins to Mrs. A.W. Hopkins, May 7, 1919. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Lawrence Hopkins to Mrs. A.W. Hopkins, May 7, 1919. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07810.057p1.jpg?1336585268" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/mother%E2%80%99s-day-1919-%E2%80%9Cmay-you-never-get-another-letter-from-f" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/mother%E2%80%99s-day-1919-%E2%80%9Cmay-you-never-get-another-letter-from-f#comments World War I Collections coming home Decoration Day France homecoming Memorial Day Mother's Day soldier's letter World War I WWI Tue, 08 May 2012 18:56:14 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 47049 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Abraham Lincoln, Mary Owens, and the accidental engagement https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/abraham-lincoln-mary-owens-and-accidental-engagement <p>In 1836, Abraham Lincoln found himself in a tenuous situation. He was engaged to a woman he barely knew and didn’t want to marry. Mrs. Elizabeth Abell had been pushing for a romance between Lincoln and her sister, Mary Owens, whom Lincoln had met briefly in 1833. When Elizabeth went home to visit her family in Kentucky three years later, she said she would bring Mary back to Illinois if Lincoln would agree to marry her. Lincoln jokingly agreed. He realized the consequences of his rash statement when Mary came to New Salem and considered herself engaged.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="1177" height="1890" title="Abraham Lincoln to Mary Owens, May 7, 1837. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Abraham Lincoln to Mary Owens, May 7, 1837 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/08085p1.jpg?1334767749" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/abraham-lincoln-mary-owens-and-accidental-engagement" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/abraham-lincoln-mary-owens-and-accidental-engagement#comments Lincoln Collections Wed, 18 Apr 2012 16:51:17 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 29521 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Washington Dodge: <i>Titanic</i> Survivor, April, 1912 https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/washington-dodge-ititanici-survivor-april-1912 <p>One hundred years ago this weekend, the RMS <em>Titanic </em>sank, claiming the lives over 1,500 passengers and crew. In this account, Dr. Washington Dodge recounts his tale of survival. Written on board the RMS <em>Carpathia </em>during the three-day journey back to New York, this eyewitness account is one of the earliest and most compelling accounts of the disaster. Dodge’s handwriting and sentence phrasing offer a glimpse into his state of mind as he penned his testimony.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="745" height="1199" title="Washington Dodge, Eyewitness account of sinking of the Titanic, April 15, 1912. (The Gilder Lehrman Collection) " alt="Washington Dodge, Eyewitness account of sinking of the Titanic, April 15, 1912. " src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/07640p01.jpg?1334237116" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/washington-dodge-ititanici-survivor-april-1912" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/washington-dodge-ititanici-survivor-april-1912#comments The Politics of Reform Collections Carpathia Disasters Titanic Thu, 12 Apr 2012 13:27:43 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 18665 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org A Civil War soldier’s letters: “Save them if it cost the farm” https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/civil-war-soldier%E2%80%99s-letters-%E2%80%9Csave-them-if-it-cost-farm%E2%80%9D <p>George Tillotson from Greene, New York, enlisted with the 89th New York Infantry in November of 1861. This ambrotype (photograph made on glass) and a series of letters from the summer of 1862 remind us that soldiers and their families faced hardships on the home front as well as on the battlefield. George had been in the army for five months and was stationed at Roanoke Island, North Carolina, when his wife, Libby, sent him the photograph featured here. The photograph was damaged in the mail and began a heartbreaking series of correspondence.&nbsp;</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="4720" height="5500" title="Ambrotype of Libby, Leon, Georgina and Lucy Tillotson, ca. 1862 (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Ambrotype of Libby, Leon, Georgina and Lucy Tillotson, ca. 1862 (The Gilder Lehr" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/i-04558.207highres.jpg?1332940861" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/civil-war-soldier%E2%80%99s-letters-%E2%80%9Csave-them-if-it-cost-farm%E2%80%9D" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/civil-war-soldier%E2%80%99s-letters-%E2%80%9Csave-them-if-it-cost-farm%E2%80%9D#comments The American Civil War African Americans and Emancipation Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877 Collections children family life photography Wed, 28 Mar 2012 00:20:11 +0000 Sandra Trenholm 12357 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Women in the Civil War: Vivandieres https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/women-civil-war-vivandieres <p>Vivandieres, sometimes known as cantinieres, were women who followed the army to provide support for the troops. Ideally, a vivandiere would have been a young woman—the daughter of an officer or wife of a non-commissioned officer—who wore a uniform and braved battles to provide care for wounded soldiers on the battlefield.&nbsp;</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="732" height="1193" title="Vivandiere from the 12th Regiment, ca. 1861-1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Vivandiere from the 12th Regiment, ca. 1861-1865. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/05111.02.1048p1.jpg?1332938472" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/women-civil-war-vivandieres" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/women-civil-war-vivandieres#comments The American Civil War Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877 Collections medic Medicine nursing Women Mon, 12 Mar 2012 16:29:15 +0000 edward 10707 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org Romeo Smith: Slave, Soldier, Freeman https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/romeo-smith-slave-soldier-freeman <p>Born a slave, Romeo Smith of Windham, Maine, entered the Continental Army with the promise of freedom in exchange for military service. He served in the 7th Massachusetts for three years and was supposedly manumitted. Yet in January 1784, the threat of being reclaimed as a slave surfaced and Romeo sought the assistance of General Henry Knox. The document featured here is Knox’s retained draft certifying Smith’s freedom.</p> <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-body-images"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <img class="imagefield imagefield-field_body_images" width="4462" height="5395" title="Henry Knox, Certification of Romeo Smith as a freeman, January 9,1784. (Gilder Lehrman Collection)" alt="Henry Knox, Certification of Romeo Smith as a freeman, January 9,1784. (Gilder L" src="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/content-images/02437.02929p1_0.jpg?1334342457" /> </div> </div> </div> <p><a href="https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/romeo-smith-slave-soldier-freeman" target="_blank">read more</a></p> https://www.gilderlehrman.org/collections/treasures-from-the-collection/romeo-smith-slave-soldier-freeman#comments The Road to Revolution The War for Independence The American Revolution, 1763-1783 Collections Slavery Mon, 12 Mar 2012 16:22:59 +0000 edward 10706 at https://www.gilderlehrman.org