One of the most widely taught novels in the United States, J. D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye (1951) opens with the sixteen-year-old Holden Caulfield’s disillusioned departure from what may be the last in a series of...
Few sights or sounds conjure up the passion and purposefulness of the Southern Civil Rights Movement as powerfully as the freedom songs that provided a stirring musical accompaniment to the campaign for racial justice and equality in the region during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
COINTELPRO (Counter Intelligence Programs) was a domestic surveillance branch of the Federal Bureau of Investigation that secretly investigated and disrupted the activities of groups and individuals it classified as subversive during the 1950s and 1960s. COINTELPRO employed questionable tactics in “neutralizing” anti-war and civil rights groups and American citizens. COINTELPRO’s activities were uncovered by a Senate investigation of the FBI and the programs were disbanded in 1971.
Welcome to the online exhibition of Freedom Riders created by the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History in partnership with PBS’s flagship history series, American Experience. It was created as a companion to the American Experience documentary “Freedom Riders.”