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Glossary Term – Person
Chief Joseph (ca. 1840–1904) was the Nez Perce leader who in 1877 attempted to lead his people on a three-month march from their homes in the Wallowa Valley in Oregon to Canada pursued by the US Army. He eventually surrendered upon being promised that the Nez Perce could return to Idaho. The federal government broke its promise, however, and the Nez Perce were removed to Indian Territory in Kansas and Oklahoma.