- ›› Coverage Geographical : Missouri
Glossary Term – Person
Dred Scott (1795–1858) was a Missouri slave who sued for his freedom in 1846. While the slave of an Army surgeon, Scott had lived in the free state of Illinois and the free territory of Wisconsin. Scott claimed that his residence on free soil had erased his slave status. In 1850 a Missouri court gave Scott his freedom, but two years later the Missouri supreme court reversed this decision and returned Scott to slavery. He appealed to the US Supreme Court, which ruled against him in 1857. After the decision, Scott's owner freed him and Scott...
The Lewis and Clark expedition returned to Missouri in September 1806 with valuable maps of the Louisiana Territory. After Lewis’s death in 1809, Clark took responsibility for organizing and releasing the expedition journals to eager scientists and curious Americans.
In 1863 in the war-torn South, thousands were homeless and starving. Some of those most in need of aid were newly liberated slaves.