In South Carolina, war broke out between Cherokee Indians and white settlers. In two years of clashes, both sides committed brutal violence. The conflict ended in 1761 when South Carolina and British regulars entered Cherokee country and quashed Indian resistance.
The Supreme Court declined to rule in the case of Cherokee Nation v. Georgia on the grounds that “an Indian tribe or nation within the United States is not a foreign state in the sense of the constitution, and cannot maintain an action in the courts of the United States.”
John Ross (1790–1866) was a Cherokee chief with a Scottish father and Cherokee mother. He led the United States’ Cherokee allies against the Red Stick in the Creek War (1813–1814) and became a member of the national committee of the Cherokee Council in 1817. From 1828 until the Cherokee removal from Georgia in 1839, he was the tribe’s principal chief and led their fight against removal. He remained a chief until his death in 1866.