- ›› Coverage Organizations : Oneidas
Most Indians tried to stay neutral in what they saw as a British civil war. Even when, eventually, most sided with the British, they were not fighting against freedom; like the American patriots, they fought to defend their freedom as they understood it. In Indian eyes, aggressive Americans posed a greater threat than did a distant king to their land, their liberty, and their way of life. The American War of Independence was an Indian war for independence as well.
Glossary Term – Organization
The League of the Haudenosaunee (also called the Iroquois Confederacy) was a union of five Iroquoian language groups formed sometime between 1350 and 1600. It is believed by members to have been created by a man named Hiawatha, an Onondaga Indian raised by the Mohawks, and Dekanahwideh, a Huron. Probably as a result of effects from the Little Ice Age, Indians in the northeastern woodlands experienced a period of enormous subsistence pressure leading to serious and prolonged warfare. Under Hiawatha’s and Dekanahwideh’s influence, the Mohawks...
The Lenni-Lenapes living on the Brotherton reservation in New Jersey agree to stop selling or leasing land to white settlers.
This document records that the representatives of the Six Nations, who signed using totems to designate individuals and tribes, received $10,000 as payment from the Penns for land the tribes had ceded in the Treaty of Fort Stanwix in 1768.