The 1940s were the golden age of the American songbook and World War II was the centerpiece of the decade.
The last American combat troops left Vietnam.
The US Armed Forces were desegregated by President Truman’s Executive Order 9981, which barred segregation and discrimination in the armed services.
Shortly before 8 a.m. on Sunday, December 7, 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack against US armed forces in Hawaii. Photographs from the Gilder Lehrman Collection juxtapose the viewpoints of Japanese pilots and US personnel on the ground.