In Shelly v. Kraemer, the Supreme Court reinforced the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of “equal protection of the laws" when it ruled that state courts could not enforce racially restrictive housing covenants.
In Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that statements made by suspected criminals were only admissible for prosecution if suspects had been informed of their rights, leading to the establishment of “Miranda rights.”
In Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court ruled that abortion fell under the Constitutional right to privacy. The Court mandated federal protection for pregnancy termination during the first trimester and allowed state laws limiting it during the second and third trimesters.
Nominated by President George H. W. Bush, Clarence Thomas was confirmed as a justice of the Supreme Court, despite sexual harassment allegations made during his confirmation hearings by attorney and former employee Anita Hill.