After the overthrow of King James II in England, American colonists rebelled and royal governors were removed in several colonies. Militia officer Jacob Leisler became governor of New York, but he was hanged for treason in 1691 when royal authority was reinstated.
Jacob Leisler (ca. 1640–1691) was a German-born merchant and New York militia officer who led the overthrow of the royal government in that state in 1689. Following Leisler’s Rebellion, he set up a revolutionary government and assumed the title of lieutenant governor. Leisler held power in New York for eighteen months but, after the installation of new agents of the Crown, surrendered to royal forces. He was tried for treason, convicted, and hanged in 1691.