- ›› Coverage People : John C. Calhoun
James Monroe’s two terms in office as president of the United States (1817–1825) are often called the “Era of Good Feelings.” The country...
Glossary Term – Event
The Bureau of Indian Affairs was organized in the War Department by order of Secretary of War John C. Calhoun.
Glossary Term – Person
John C. Calhoun (1782–1850) was a congressman and senator from South Carolina and a vice president of the United States under John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. Calhoun played an influential role in the Nullification Crisis during Jackson’s presidency. After the passage of the Tariff of Abominations in 1828, Calhoun proposed state nullification of the law in South Carolina, arguing that states could block the enforcement of federal laws not adopted as Constitutional amendments. Though South Carolina eventually followed Calhoun’s...
Reading 1:And, sir, let it be remembered that a revenue system, grossly and palpably unequal in itself--a system which, under the most favorable modification, would levy the entire amount of the federal taxes from one-fifth part of the productions of the Union, while the other four-fifths are entirely exempted...that this is the substratum upon which has been reared this monstrous and iniquitous superstructure--the protecting system....Let me, then, beseech the advocates of that system...relieve...
I do not...hesitate to avow before this House and the country, and in the presence of the living God, that if by your legislation you seek to drive us from the territories of California and New Mexico, purchased by the common blood and treasure of the whole people, and to abolish slavery in this District, thereby attempting to fix a national degradation upon half the States of this Confederacy, I am for disunion.
Representative Robert Toombs of Georgia, 1849...
The relationship between the North and the South was tenuous when Andrew Jackson came to office in 1828. Ever since the Constitutional Convention of 1787, northerners and southerners had fought over slavery and tariffs. Each region wanted to make sure their economies were protected in the new Union. Several times states threatened to leave the Constitutional Convention and abandon the writing of the Constitution. By the end of the Convention, both sides had made significant compromises to the Constitution such as the...