President William McKinley was shot twice by Leon Czolgosz, the anarchist son of Polish immigrants. McKinley died eight days later on September 14. He was succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt.
The Progressive Party (or “Bull Moose” Party) was formed in 1912 as a vehicle for Theodore Roosevelt’s nomination for president. The party disbanded in 1916 upon Roosevelt’s return to the Republican Party.
The Rough Riders were the members of the 1st US Volunteer Cavalry, a regiment made up of men from all walks of life and led by Theodore Roosevelt in the Spanish-American War. Under Roosevelt’s leadership, the Rough Riders saw victory at the Battle of Santiago and the Battle of San Juan Hill in Cuba, which earned them a reputation as a brave and heroic unit.
Today the term preservation usually refers to the protection of historical resources and landmarks, but in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries “preservationists” were those who promoted the permanent protection of natural resources and lands. Preservationists like John Muir, who founded the Sierra Club and influenced Theodore Roosevelt’s conservation efforts, worked to protect areas of natural land from human disturbance or development.
Conservationists are concerned with the managed use of natural resources. Where nature “preservationists” aim to permanently set aside lands to be kept safe from human disturbance and development, conservationists aim to carefully manage the use of lands and natural resources while protecting against their overuse. Conservationists try to ensure that natural resources yield the greatest benefit to current generations while maintaining their potential for the use of future generations.
William Howard Taft (1857–1930) had served as a federal judge and the appointed governor of the Philippines before Theodore Roosevelt named him secretary of war. But his talents as administrator served him poorly as a president, and he was perceived, wrongly, as a tool of entrenched interests. As president, Taft had substantial Progressive accomplishments. He filed twice as many anti-trust suits as Roosevelt, expanded Roosevelt’s program of conserving public lands, created a Children’s Bureau within the Labor Department, and pushed through...