In Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that statements made by suspected criminals were only admissible for prosecution if suspects had been informed of their rights, leading to the establishment of “Miranda rights.”
The US Apollo 11 became the first manned space craft to land on the moon. Astronaut Neil Armstrong’s first steps on the moon’s surface were watched by hundreds of millions in a live television broadcast of the landing.
In the South Vietnam village of My Lai, American infantrymen murdered more than five hundred men, women, and children. The atrocities at My Lai came to light in the American media in early 1969, stunning the public and helping to turn national opinion against the war.
The National Organization for Women was established by Betty Friedan and others with the purpose of bringing “women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men.”
The President Nixon announced his Nixon Doctrine, a foreign policy plan that emphasized the United States’ commitment to its treaty obligations, promised allies protection from other nuclear powers, and called on other countries to take responsibility for their own defense.
The CIA escalated Operation CHAOS, a program for domestic spying on American citizens. Over the next ten years, the CIA used questionable tactics to investigate and profile thousands of anti-war American citizens and organizations.
The President’s Commission on the Status of Women issued its report about women’s status under the law and opportunities in education and the workplace. The Commission, which was organized by President John F. Kennedy and chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt until her death in 1962, reported widespread inequality and discrimination.