Jonathan Edwards was dismissed from his Northampton congregation after attempting to reinforce stricter requirements for the sacraments rather than the more leninent ones imposed by the Half-Way Covenant.
Gilbert Tennent, the son of religious leader William Tennent, became pastor of the Presbyterian Church in New Brunswick, New Jersey. He soon met and was inspired by Dutch Reformed minister Theodorus Frelinghuysen, who emphasized piety and conversion in his sermons. Both Tennent and Frelinghuysen stirred religious fervor and revivalism among their congregations.
New England Puritans established the Half-Way Covenant, an agreement extending partial church membership to church members’ children who had not yet experienced conversion. Solomon Stoddard, grandfather ofreligious leader Jonathan Edwards, was among the major proponents of the Covenant.
In Enfield, Connecticut, Jonathan Edwards delivered his sermon “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God,” warning of the “torments of Hell” and urging listeners to “save themselves from Hell’s pains” by accepting Christ.
Solomon Stoddard led the first of at least five religious “harvests” stirring evangelical revivalism in Northampton, Massachusetts. Stoddard’s other Northampton revivals followed in 1683, 1696, 1712, and 1718.