The Molasses Act, which levied a stiff tax on rum, molasses, and sugar produced in the British West Indies for sale in the colonies, produced vigorous opposition on the grounds that it sought to protect English economic interests at the colonists’ expense.
In South Carolina, war broke out between Cherokee Indians and white settlers. In two years of clashes, both sides committed brutal violence. The conflict ended in 1761 when South Carolina and British regulars entered Cherokee country and quashed Indian resistance.
Angry that the royal governor William Berkeley had appeased Indian tribes who had attacked the western settlements, Virginia settlers staged a rebellion against the government. The settlers were led by Nathaniel Bacon, who successfully attacked Indian settlements and burned Jamestown.
After the overthrow of King James II in England, American colonists rebelled and royal governors were removed in several colonies. Militia officer Jacob Leisler became governor of New York, but he was hanged for treason in 1691 when royal authority was reinstated.