Glossary Term – Event
The Spanish began to colonize Texas.
Angry that the royal governor William Berkeley had appeased Indian tribes who had attacked the western settlements, Virginia settlers staged a rebellion against the government. The settlers were led by Nathaniel Bacon, who successfully attacked Indian settlements and burned Jamestown.
William Penn received a charter to settle Pennsylvania.
Dutch colonists—both individuals and families—settled along the Hudson River, leading to the river's transformation into a major commercial waterway.
The Choctaw Indians entered into a long alliance with the French, ca. 1700. The Choctaws, engaged in a long war with the Chickasaws, used the alliance to shape French policy in Franco-Indian relations and in decisions about settlement. The French benefited from the alliance when the Choctaws helped defeat the Natchez, who had resisted French incursion.
The Virginia House of Burgesses was established as the first elected assembly of English colonists in North America.
After the overthrow of King James II in England, American colonists rebelled and royal governors were removed in several colonies. Militia officer Jacob Leisler became governor of New York, but he was hanged for treason in 1691 when royal authority was reinstated.
Roger Williams, a church elder who was banished from Massachusetts for his separatist beliefs, established Providence in what became Rhode Island.
In New Mexico, the Pueblo peoples, led by Popé, coordinated an uprising against the Spanish at dozens of settlements across hundreds of miles. The Indians destroyed buildings and churches and killed more than 400 Spaniards. They burned Sante Fe and drove the Spanish back to El Paso. While the Pueblo Revolt was the most successful effort by American Indians to drive out European settlers from their lands, the Spanish were back in twelve years.