- ›› Eras and Sub-Eras : World War II
The insignia in the poster featured here, published in 1942, illustrate the numerous jobs assigned to civilian volunteers.
In this letter from 1944 Mrs. Roosevelt responded to one of her critics, Addie Frizielle, who worried about the desegregation of restrooms and forced social interaction between the races in the government’s movement toward racial equality in some spheres.
Morris Wiener, an American soldier in England, and his wife, Sylvia Weiner, a social worker in New York City, wrote to each other on D-Day, sharing what the experience was like on either side of the Atlantic.
The day after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt suspended naturalization proceedings for Italian, German, and Japanese immigrants, required them to register, restricted their mobility, and prohibited them from owning items that might be used for sabotage, such as cameras and shortwave radios. The curfews on Italian immigrants were lifted in October 1942, on Columbus Day.Approximately 600,000 Italian aliens lived in the United States in 1940. About 1,600 Italian citizens were interned, and about 10,000 Italian-...
Since Japanese people began migrating to America in the mid-nineteenth century, there has been resentment and tension between Americans and Asian immigrants. In California at the turn of the century laws were passed making it difficult for Japanese to own land in America, become naturalized, or to even migrate to America. By the 1920s California had banned almost all immigration from Japan, and laws made interracial marriage illegal. After World War I and the failed attempts of America to create and join the League of...
Traitors and Spies in the Time of War: How the Supreme Court Determined Who Would Live and Who Would Die
In April 1865 over 600,000 Americans lay dead from battle wounds and other causes directly related to their service in the armies of the Confederacy and Union during the four-year Civil War. If we adjusted the number of dead in proportion to our modern population of 300 million, it would be approximately 5,000,000 deaths—a truly gargantuan number.
There is little question about the chain of events that led to the secession of South Carolina and, eventually, eleven states total. While Southern apologists then, and...
In 1886, after the arrival of Commodore Perry, the Japanese government lifted its ban on emigration and allowed its citizens to move to other countries. In the years after that, however, the United States made it more difficult for Japanese to immigrate to America. In 1911, the United States Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization declared that only people descended from whites and African Americans could become citizens. The United States Supreme Court upheld this ban in 1922 in the court case Ozawa v. US (for an...
In the 1940s America was in the throes of a crippling depression and a world war. While all Americans coped with the overwhelming challenges that the economy and war presented, some Americans faced an additional hardship, oppressive segregation. Legal segregation—Jim Crow as it was informally known, defined every aspect of life for those who lived under its restrictions. Popular culture, specifically professional baseball, was not excluded from the effects of Jim Crow. The story of the integration of professional...
While American soldiers were fighting abroad, those left at home, including children, contributed to the war effort in many ways.Background
Although World War II wasn’t fought on US soil, its effects were deeply felt by all Americans. With a majority of the male population overseas, remaining citizens dedicated themselves to the task of keeping the country running efficiently while supporting the soldiers. Women, previously discouraged from working in industry, became the work force out of necessity....