Glossary Term – Event
Eli Whitney obtained a patent for the cotton gin.
In 1800, Spain secretly ceded the Louisiana Territory—the area stretching from Canada to the Gulf Coast and from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains—to France, which then closed the port of New Orleans to American farmers. Americans in the West, left without a port from which to export their goods, were incensed. President Thomas Jefferson feared that the establishment of a French colonial empire in North America would block American expansion. He sent negotiators to France, with instructions to purchase New Orleans and as much of...
Macon’s Bill No. 2 replaced the Non-Intercourse Act and reopened trade with Britain and France, but it provided that if either country agreed to respect American shipping, the US would cut off trade with the other.
Francis Cabot Lowell opened the first factory in the United States able to convert raw cotton into cloth using power machinery.
In 1798, President John Adams signed a bill to levy the first direct federal tax on private property. John Fries of Pennsylvania used the popular discontent over the tax to encourage armed resistance to federal tax assessors and collectors. When government officers came to measure houses to calculate the “window tax,” armed companies of citizens imprisoned them. General William McPherson was put in command of federal troops to enforce the revenue laws, and Fries was arrested and charged with high treason. On May 21, 1800, Adams pardoned...
Gabriel, a slave owned by tobacco planter Thomas Prosser, plotted a major slave revolt in Virginia, but the rebellion was thwarted by bad weather and informants. Gabriel and many of his co-conspirators were executed, while others were sold.
The election of 1796 was the first in which voters chose between competing political parties. It was also the first test of whether the nation could transfer power through a contested election. The Federalists nominated Vice President John Adams as their presidential candidate, and the Republicans selected Thomas Jefferson. The Republicans condemned Adams as “the champion of rank, titles, and hereditary distinctions.” The Federalists claimed that Jefferson was intent on undermining religion and morality. John Adams won the election despite...
Pinckney’s Treaty was signed. The treaty between the United States and Spain defined land boundaries and allowed the US to transport goods on the Mississippi and through the port of New Orleans.
American Indians from several tribes signed the Treaty of Greenville, ceding lands in the Ohio Valley to the United States in exchange for the federal government’s protection of remaining tribal lands from further white incursion.