Glossary Term – Event
The United States officially declared war on Germany.
Declaring that “the world must be made safe for democracy,” President Woodrow Wilson called on Congress to declare war on Germany.
The Espionage Act of 1917 instituted harsh penalties for interference with the draft and the encouragement of “insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny, or refusal of duty” to the United States.
Bolshevik socialists—soon to be known as Communists—seized power in Russia.
Congress passed the Selective Service Act, which required men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register with draft boards.
The Sedition Act of 1918 supplemented the Espionage Act of 1917 by adding penalties for “disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive” writing about the US government.
Having refused to join the League of Nations and ratify the Treaty of Versailles, the United States ratified separate peace treaties with Germany, Austria, and Hungary to officially end its involvement in World War I.
As part of the Second Battle of the Marne, American forces under Gen. John Pershing teamed with the French to earn a key victory at Château-Thierry. The Allied forces executed a surprise early morning counterattack on the Germans, suffering major casualties but gaining important ground.
Allied forces under American Gen. John Pershing began the Saint-Mihiel offensive on September 12. The Allies successfully pushed the Germans out of the Saint-Mihiel salient in France, opening rail communications between Paris and portions of the eastern front and demoralizing German forces.
The Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution forbidding the manufacture, sale, transportation, import, and export of “intoxicating liquors” was ratified, instituting Prohibition nationwide. The amendment was repealed by the Twenty-first Amendment in 1933.