Glossary Term – Event
248,120 immigrants entered the United States.
Oklahoma was opened to white settlers in the territory’s first “land run.” Settlers raced to claim up to 160 acres each of unsettled land.
In Rock Springs, Wyoming, white miners perpetrated a massacre of Chinese workers. Bitter over increasing Chinese immigration and labor, the white miners destroyed Chinese homes, killed twenty-eight men, and drove hundreds of others from the town.
In Yick Wo v. Hopkins, the Supreme Court ruled that it was unconstitutional to apply race-neutral legislation discriminatorily against a specific race. The Court stated that “subjects of the Emperor of China who have the right to temporarily or permanently reside within the United States, are entitled to enjoy the protection guaranteed by the Constitution and afforded by the laws.”
Jacob Riis’s book How the Other Half Lives documented living conditions among immigrants in New York City.
More than 2,812,191 immigrants arrived in the United States, primarily from Europe, between 1871 and 1880.
3,687,564 immigrants entered the US between 1891 and 1900.
5,246,613 immigrants entered the United States between 1881 and 1890.
In Henderson v. Mayor of New York, the Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional state laws requiring an immigrant head tax—a “per head” tax levied on shipowners for each immigrant transported into the US that was ultimately paid by the immigrant himself in the form of increased passenger fare.
Congress passed the Desert Land Act to promote the development of arid western lands. The act allowed settlers 640 acres of public land at a cost of twenty-five cents per acre in return for settlers’ promise to irrigate the land within three years.