The College of New Jersey (later Princeton University) was founded by seven Presbyterian leaders (Ebenezer Pemberton, Jonathan Dickinson, Aaron Burr Sr., John Pierson, William Smith, Peter Van Brugh Livingston, and William Peartree Smith) when Governor John Hamilton granted a charter for the college. The college’s founders had previously requested a charter from the late Governer Lewis Morris, a conservative Anglican who denied their request based on the group’s religious beliefs.
Born in San Francisco, Mamie Tape was the daughter of two Chinese immigrants who tried to enroll eight-year-old Mamie in San Francisco’s public Spring Valley School in 1884. When Mamie was turned away from the school, her parents sued the city for violating an 1880 law that guaranteed “all children . . . residing in the district” admission to public schools. A Superior Court judge ruled that “To deny a child, born of Chinese parents in this State, entrance to the public schools would be a violation of the law of the State and the...
Joshua Bill is the 2012 National History Teacher of the Year. Get to know Mr. Bill and some of his colleagues at Waukegan High School, in Waukegan, Illinois, where his work with students has made him, in the words of the school's social studies director, "one of the most beloved teachers in our institution."
Since 2004, the Gilder Lehrman Institute has presented awards to the best history teachers in the United States. Together with our partners Preserve America and HISTORY, we award 53 winners from US states and territories and one national winner each year. In this video, partners describe the award—and why it matters.