Gabriel, a slave owned by tobacco planter Thomas Prosser, plotted a major slave revolt in Virginia, but the rebellion was thwarted by bad weather and informants. Gabriel and many of his co-conspirators were executed, while others were sold.
The Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30' north except in Missouri, which was admitted to the Union as a slave state while Maine (up to then part of Massachusetts) was admitted as a free state.
In Kansas, pro-slavery delegates drafted the Lecompton Constitution, a pro-slavery document that created great debate about Kansas’s future. It was ultimately rejected but prompted turmoil in the territory.
David Walker’s Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World, a radical pamphlet that attacked slavery and the colonization movement, was published in Boston. It called for the abolition of slavery by any means.