Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 75,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Semmes, Raphael (1809-1877) to David Conner

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC02647 Author/Creator: Semmes, Raphael (1809-1877) Place Written: Vera Cruz, Mexico Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 28 November 1846 Pagination: 2 p. ; 31.8 x 20 cm.

Summary of Content: Reports that the Mexican brig Creole had been boarded and burned by men under his command during a blockade of Vera Cruz. The destruction of the Creole has obliterated Vera Cruz's commerce, as she was the city's only ship. Written as lieutenant, commanding the U.S. brig Somers.

People: Semmes, Raphael, 1809-1877
Conner, David, 1792-1856

Historical Era: National Expansion and Reform, 1815-1860

Subjects: Mexican WarBlockadeLatin and South AmericaGlobal History and US Foreign PolicyGlobal History and US Foreign PolicyMilitary HistoryMaritimeMerchants and TradeCommerceWartime Pillaging and Destruction

Sub Era: Age of Jackson

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