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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Saxton, Rufus (1824-1908) To the freedmen in the Department of the South

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC03839 Author/Creator: Saxton, Rufus (1824-1908) Place Written: Beaufort, South Carolina Type: Broadside Date: 6 August 1863 Pagination: 1 p. ; 20.2 x 12.7 cm.

Circular declaring: "The President of the United States having appointed the 6th day of August, 1863, as a day of Public Thanksgiving and Praise for the glorious victories of our armies over the enemies of our country... Although you are still in the wilderness, your prospects for liberty were never brighter than now." Refers to the Emancipation Proclamation.

Following the Civil War, General Saxton was the Freedman's Bureau Assistant Commissioner for the States of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.

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